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Olympics, State of the Union Address’, Inaugurations, and the like.28 The CBIRF can

deploy its Initial Response Force of 81 Marines and Sailors within four hours with prior

indication and warning. During peacetime the CBIRF is subordinate to the United States

Marine Forces Atlantic (MARFORLANT).29 In its operational mode, like other WMD

consequence management units, it would be responsive to the JTF-CS. And, because of

its extensive predeployment activities since its inception, it is generally interoperable

with most of the other responding units. The Marine Corps’ CBIRF operates at the

tactical level.

WMD-CSTs

The initial ten WMD Civil Support Teams (WMD-CST) were authorized by the

Fiscal Year (FY) 1999 National Defense Authorization Act. These ten teams, initially

labeled Rapid Assessment Initial Detection (RAID) teams, were formed from the

National Guard and aligned with the ten Federal Emergency Management Agency

(FEMA) regions across the US. Later, a total of 32 teams were authorized by congress.

These 22 soldier teams are currently being manned, trained, and equipped to provide the

first military response to a domestic WMD event.30 Their mission is to detect, assist, and

advise the incident commander. Their goal is to reach the scene of the WMD event

within four hours of notification. They are State assets under the direction of the

respective Governor and often work closely with the State crisis centers and city and

local government first responders.31 If federalized following an actual WMD event they

would become subordinate to the JTF-CS. WMD-CSTs operate at the tactical level.

48

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