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The FBI, as delegated by the Department of Justice, is also charged with the

responsibility to develop and implement policies aimed at preventing terrorist acts from

occurring in the first place.36 Some of the tools it uses for preventing attacks are

deterrence and use of timely and accurate intelligence. Many of the deterrence functions

and military intelligence activities routinely managed by DoD at the strategic level

closely parallel this responsibility for the FBI domestically. Therefore, these policies

require close consultation with DoD prior to implementation.

Another DoD related area under the purview of the FBI is overall coordination of

federal agency activities for WMD related exercises. The Bureau’s National Domestic

Preparedness Office (NDPO) has the mission of coordinating all federal efforts “to assist

state and local emergency responders with planning, training, equipment, and exercise

needs necessary to respond to a WMD incident.”37 The growth of the WMD threat to the

homeland outlined in chapter two has led to a greater emphasis on pre-incident training.

What this means to DoD, as a major partner in this training, is that it must provide

various resources and capabilities to the training and effectively coordinate these events

with the FBI organization serving as the lead.


The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is the LFA for WMD

consequence management.38 They are charged with ensuring the overall Federal

Response Plan is sufficient to handle the aftermath and consequences of terrorism,

including WMD terrorism. According to the Department of Justice’s WMD Incident

Contingency Plan, it is FEMA’s responsibility to direct and coordinate “any Federal


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