The FBI, as delegated by the Department of Justice, is also charged with the
responsibility to develop and implement policies aimed at preventing terrorist acts from
occurring in the first place.36 Some of the tools it uses for preventing attacks are
deterrence and use of timely and accurate intelligence. Many of the deterrence functions
and military intelligence activities routinely managed by DoD at the strategic level
closely parallel this responsibility for the FBI domestically. Therefore, these policies
require close consultation with DoD prior to implementation.
Another DoD related area under the purview of the FBI is overall coordination of
federal agency activities for WMD related exercises. The Bureau’s National Domestic
Preparedness Office (NDPO) has the mission of coordinating all federal efforts “to assist
state and local emergency responders with planning, training, equipment, and exercise
needs necessary to respond to a WMD incident.”37 The growth of the WMD threat to the
homeland outlined in chapter two has led to a greater emphasis on pre-incident training.
What this means to DoD, as a major partner in this training, is that it must provide
various resources and capabilities to the training and effectively coordinate these events
with the FBI organization serving as the lead.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is the LFA for WMD
consequence management.38 They are charged with ensuring the overall Federal
Response Plan is sufficient to handle the aftermath and consequences of terrorism,
including WMD terrorism. According to the Department of Justice’s WMD Incident
Contingency Plan, it is FEMA’s responsibility to direct and coordinate “any Federal