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and inquires or enacted legislation. One example of a reactive document was the General

Accounting Office’s (GAO) Report to Congressional Requesters entitled, “Combating

Terrorism: Federal Response Teams Provide Varied Capabilities; Opportunities Remain

to Improve Coordination” published in November 2000. This provided an excellent

example of the role of congressional oversight and leadership in steering defense

strategy. Another example of a document reactive to congressional legislation that was

useful in the research was the “DoD Chemical and Biological Defense Program Annual

Report to Congress” last published in March 2000. This document, required by Public

Law 103-160, is one of several legally mandated reports to be developed by the executive

branch for the legislative branch in order to inform the congressional leadership of US

NBC and WMD defense activities. They often enjoy wide dissemination when

unclassified, as they often times are, and are easily accessed as part of the openness

afforded to the general public. Most of these documents were attained and downloaded

via the internet.

There were also numerous insights gained from non-governmental documents and

sources. National and international policy think tanks such as the Center for Strategic

and International Studies, the Brookings Institution, and The Institute for Foreign Policy

Analysis, produce a wealth of developed thought on this and related topics. They are

widely regarded and are often used as forums for national leaders to express America’s

security requirements and ideas. These organizations also routinely sponsor the panels

and conferences where our developing national strategy ideas are born. These ideas then

have a hand in the direction and formulation of policy for strategic level organizational



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