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effective only if it is effectively applied. And, it is clear that it can only be effectively

applied if it is fully integrated on a broader front.

Conclusion Three

DoD spends a considerable amount of resources addressing the WMD threat.

But, what it currently spends is not sufficient to meet the growing threat.

Supporting Discussion

Exact amounts on DoD’s level of spending specifically on WMD are difficult to

measure. The DoD does not, nor should it, fund programs strictly on functional lines.

Rather, it tracks spending by service, command, and broad category. Examples of these

categories are: operations and maintenance; research, development, testing and

evaluation; systems acquisition; etc. Additionally, many of the subcategories blend in

only partially related activities with true WMD spending. One example is DoD’s habit of

including spending of physical security equipment and law enforcement activities with

domestic preparedness and consequence management programs all under the heading of

combating terrorism.4 It would also be inaccurate to solely measure defense spending on

NBC equipment because the majority of this equipment is dedicated to outfitting our

forces against the current 2MTW wartime requirement. At least one study of the national

security funding process complained that budgets are stuck in the past and have not kept

pace with the changing global environment. Current budgets, they point out, “are still

prepared and appropriated as they were in the Cold War,” while threats and strategies

changed.5

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