effective only if it is effectively applied. And, it is clear that it can only be effectively
applied if it is fully integrated on a broader front.
DoD spends a considerable amount of resources addressing the WMD threat.
But, what it currently spends is not sufficient to meet the growing threat.
Exact amounts on DoD’s level of spending specifically on WMD are difficult to
measure. The DoD does not, nor should it, fund programs strictly on functional lines.
Rather, it tracks spending by service, command, and broad category. Examples of these
categories are: operations and maintenance; research, development, testing and
evaluation; systems acquisition; etc. Additionally, many of the subcategories blend in
only partially related activities with true WMD spending. One example is DoD’s habit of
including spending of physical security equipment and law enforcement activities with
domestic preparedness and consequence management programs all under the heading of
combating terrorism.4 It would also be inaccurate to solely measure defense spending on
NBC equipment because the majority of this equipment is dedicated to outfitting our
forces against the current 2MTW wartime requirement. At least one study of the national
security funding process complained that budgets are stuck in the past and have not kept
pace with the changing global environment. Current budgets, they point out, “are still
prepared and appropriated as they were in the Cold War,” while threats and strategies