6. Look for the authorʹs omissions and silences: aspects of the issue that arenʹt there at all. What an author says is only half the story; what goes unsaid completes the picture. Think about the authorʹs central proposition and consider which issues are important to any discussion of it. Did the author take all of those into account, or ignore any important ones? If an author argues that women should not be allowed to hold jobs outside the home (which is true for millions of women around the world today), he probably holds strong values about gender that may not be stated or explained anywhere in his text.
When youʹre done, complete these statements:
ʺFor the main point to be true, these things must be true first: ...
ʺThe authorʹs most important values seem to be ...ʺ
3. “The author’s standards of ‘best’ and ‘worst’ appear to be…
4. ʺThe author might be biased about ...