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Student Activities:

1. Locate and name the St. Lawrence River, the five Great Lakes, and the Mississippi River on a modern map such as that at http://www.americanjourneys.org/maps/aj051.pdf. Find Quebec, Machilimackinac, Wisconsin, and Chicago on that map.

2. How did Marquette cross Wisconsin? Use the map at http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/reference/maps/pdf/RM005a.pdf. Where is your school in relation to his route? Find the same places on the 1681 map (www.wisconsinhistory.org/turningpoints/search.asp?id=103).

3. Near the beginning of the trip, along the shore of Green Bay, Marquette and Joliet are warned by Menominee elders not to attempt the voyage (see page 231). What reasons do the Menominee give? Marquette says heʹs going to try it anyway. What reasons does he give? Who do you think has a better argument? Why?

4. In contrast to Marquette, why did French officials want to undertake this journey (see the first page of Jolietʹs interview at http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/turningpoints/ search.asp?id=14; click ʺpage & textʺ to see a typed English translation)? How is that different from Marquetteʹs reason?

5. Marquette says it would all be worth it if what happened (see page 257)? What other things must Marquette believe, if he believes that?

  • 6.

    Why did Marquette and Joliet turn back before reaching the Gulf of Mexico (see page

  • 256)

    ? List their reasons in statements beginning, ʺBecause...ʺ Did they make the right choice,

or should they have continued on? Why do you think that?

7. It took Marquette and Joliet 30 days to go 1,273 miles from Prairie du Chien to Arkansas (June 17 to July 17) but it took them almost twice as long (54 days) to go only 920 miles back to Chicago (July 17 to Sept. 13). How far did they travel each day, on average, on the way down? How many each day on the way back? Why did they go more slowly on the return trip?

8. In China people speak Chinese; in Somalia, Somali; in Germany, German. Explain why we arenʹt conducting this class in Menominee, HoChunk, or Ojibwe.

8th Grade Standards Addressed: 8.1, 8.2, 8.3, 8.7, 8.10

12th Grade Standards Addressed: 12.1, 12.2, 12.6, 12.8


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