1. On page 191 Fr. Carheil states his main points. List three hardships he says the missionaries are experiencing. What does he think they may lead t?
2. On page 193 he says there are two causes for the position the missionaries have been put in. What are those? If he thinks those things are bad, what must he think is good?
3. Why donʹt the commanders of the frontier garrisons put a stop to the excesses? What four things does he say (pp. 195‐199) occupy most of the soldiersʹ time and energy?
4. Is Fr. Carheilʹs evidence complete? Does he consider the views of other people who might disagree? Whose views of the situation are not represented in his letter?
5. Baron Lahontan was a soldier who visited Wisconsin in the 1680s and lived close to the fur trade. How does his view differ from the missionaryʹs (see page 46 of his book)? If he thinks the Montreal religious authorities are bad, what must he think is good?
6. From Lahontanʹs description on pp. 51‐55, who do you think benefited most from the fur trade? Indians? Traders in places like Green Bay? Merchants in Montreal? Consumers in Paris? List your reasons in statements beginning, ʺBecause...ʺ
7. American beavers flowed across the Atlantic where they were turned into sturdy hats worn in Europe. Today what animals, minerals, or other resources flow from remote areas of the world to become part of daily life in the U.S.? [teachers: oil is the most obvious; coffee, computer chips, clothing, and cheap labor could be other examples]
8. Think about the resource you identified in the previous question. Who plays a role like the Indian hunter, the small fur‐trader, the Montreal or Paris merchant, and the customer keeping warm under their beaver hat? Make a simple chart showing the parallels between those people and people today.
9. See Alexander Henry’s description of the consequences when the Lake Superior trade collapsed 1760‐1765. What might cause your modern system to suddenly collapse like the French fur trade did in the 1760s? What might be the consequences of that for each of the people on your chart?
8th Grade Standards Addressed: 8.1, 8.4, 8.10, 8.11
12th Grade Standards Met: 12.1, 12.2, 12.4, 12.12, 12.15