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The iron collar removed from a fugitive slave by Wisconsin soldiers in 1862 http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/turningpoints/search.asp?id=1366

Vocabulary: unfamiliar words are defined at www.wisconsinhistory.org/dictionary

Student Activities:

1. List several reasons why Gen. Williams may have thought refusing to let slaves stay in Union camps was a good idea.

2. In the first article, what reasons does Col. Paine give for refusing to send away escaping slaves? On what premises is his conclusion to disobey a direct order based?

3. Do you think Col. Paine made the right choice? Why? What is it that makes any choice right or wrong?

4. Was it right for Gen. Williams to punish Col. Paine? List several reasons why disciplined chain of command should be maintained during wartime.

5. Most people have sometimes exceeded the speed limit, told a little lie, or downloaded music. How do you decide when it is best to obey and when it is best to disobey a rule? If rules arenʹt your authority, what is?

6. If your conscience is your guide, how do you know itʹs not mistaken? Werenʹt the 9/11 hijackers probably following their consciences?

7. Read Rev. Barryʹs description of two slaves in ʺA Shameful Historyʺ and then read Perryʹs ʺPrize Story.ʺ Do you think they describe the same incident involving the same two escaping slaves? What evidence makes you suspect they are the same, or different?

9. We know exactly what happened to Col. Paine for the rest of his life but we cannot discover what happened to Old Steve, the central figure in Perryʹs account. Why? Why is there so much more historical information available about one than the other? In our society today, what kinds of people are likely to go undocumented?

10. Look at the iron collar removed from Old Steveʹs neck. How do you react as you examine it? How is that different from how you reacted to the newspaper articles?

8th Grade Standards Addressed 8.1, 8.3, 8.4, 8.5, 8.6

12th Grade Standards Addressed 12.1, 12.2, 12.5, 12.15, 12.18


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