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Part II

The Elements of Critical Thinking

Critical thinking: ʺthe mental process of actively and skillfully … conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating information

  • to reach an answer or conclusionʺ *

10 Elements of Critical Thinking

  • 1.

    The Five Wʹs

  • 2.

    Identifying Central Propositions

  • 3.

    Identifying Underlying Assumptions

  • 4.

    Identifying Point of View

  • 5.

    Evaluating Reasoning

10 common errors

  • 6.

    Evaluating Inferences

  • 7.

    Evaluating Evidence

  • 8.

    Assessing Completeness

  • 9.

    Imagining Implications

  • 10.

    Taking a Stand

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    11

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  • *

    Websterʹs New Millennium Dictionary of English via dictionary.com

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