Halpern, D.F. “Assessing the Effectiveness of Critical Thinking Instruction,” The Journal
of General Education 42:4 (1993): 238‐254 (ERIC EJ 650 970). Author provides a strong summary of national imperative to improve college studen ts’ critical thinking skills and goes on to itemize the problematics inherent to creating measurement devices and some primary models (such as Gains in IQ Scores and Student Self‐Reports). She cites Venezuela’s exhaustive attempt to improve the thinking s kills of its citizenry, which has received a considerable amount of scholarly review. She concludes that there is significant potential for helping college students to think more critically. She includes a helpful table that summarizes typical skills associated with critical thinking.
Norris, Stephen and Robert H. Ennis. Evaluating Critical Thinking. Pacific Grove, CA:
Critical Thinking Press and Software, 1989. Authors attempt to establish a context and means for evaluating CT skills at the elementary and secondary levels. Intended for classroom teachers, this volume (one of a series focused on developing CT skills) emphasizes the analytical model of CT, includes descriptions of commercially marketed CT tests, along with suggestions for developing one’s own evaluative models.