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Table of Contents

ABSTRACT ..................................................................................................................................................II ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ...................................................................................................................... III AUTHORSHIP PAGE .............................................................................................................................. IV TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................................................................V LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES.......................................................................................................VII EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ....................................................................................................................VIII CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................................10 CHAPTER 2: BACKGROUND................................................................................................................13

    • 2.1

      TYRE MANUFACTURING TECHNIQUES ..............................................................................................13

      • 2.1.1

        Conventional Tyre Designs .......................................................................................................13

      • 2.1.2

        Unconventional Tyre Designs...................................................................................................15

    • 2.2

      RECYCLING .........................................................................................................................................17

      • 2.2.1

        Shredded Rubber........................................................................................................................17

      • 2.2.2

        Uses for Whole Tyres.................................................................................................................19

      • 2.2.3

        Rubber Asphalt...........................................................................................................................20

      • 2.2.4

        Pyrolysis .....................................................................................................................................21

    • 2.3

      GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS ............................................................................................................23

    • 2.4

      SOCIOPOLITICAL FACTORS.................................................................................................................26

    • 2.5

      SUMMARY ...........................................................................................................................................27

CHAPTER 3: METHODOLOGY............................................................................................................28

    • 3.1

      IDENTIFY THE SCALE OF THE PROBLEM .............................................................................................28

      • 3.1.1

        Determining Hong Kong’s waste problem...............................................................................28

      • 3.1.2

        Observation of Hong Kong’s major roads...............................................................................28

    • 3.2

      IDENTIFY THE PRESENT AND POSSIBLE FUTURE METHODS OF TYRE MANAGEMENT ........................29

      • 3.2.1

        Jets Technics ..............................................................................................................................29

      • 3.2.2

        Public transportation companies..............................................................................................29

      • 3.2.3

        Search for possible recycling methods .....................................................................................30

    • 3.3

      IDENTIFY CURRENT AND POSSIBLE FUTURE LEGISLATION FOR WASTE TYRE MANAGEMENT IN

HONG KONG..............................................................................................................................................30

      • 3.3.1

        Interview professors...................................................................................................................30

      • 3.3.2

        Legislation in other countries ...................................................................................................31

    • 3.4

      SUMMARY ...........................................................................................................................................31

CHAPTER 4: RESULTS AND ANALYSIS ...........................................................................................32

    • 4.1

      SCALE OF THE WASTE TYRE PROBLEM IN HONG KONG...................................................................32

    • 4.2

      RECYCLING TECHNIQUES ...................................................................................................................35

    • 4.3

      MODEL LEGISLATION .........................................................................................................................41

    • 4.4

      SUMMARY ...........................................................................................................................................42

CHAPTER 5: CONCLUSIONS................................................................................................................43 REFERENCES ............................................................................................................................................46 APPENDIX A: HONG KONG POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY (HKPU) ......................................54 APPENDIX B: INTERVIEW PROTOCOL FOR TIRE RECYCLING PLANT EMPLOYEE ...56

APPENDIX C: INTERVIEW WITH BOBBY LUNDIN, TIRE RECYCLING PLANT EMPLOYEE OF JP ROUTHIER & SONS, INC..................................................................................57

APPENDIX D: INTERVIEW WITH SIMON LEE, OFFICER OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMENT IN HONG KONG ............................................................................59

APPENDIX E: PHONE INTERVIEW WITH LAU TIT CHU, OWNER OF MAN LEE HANG TYRE & BATTERY COMPANY ............................................................................................................62

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