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11.

EMPHASISES the importance of transparency of commitments and actions; WELCOMES the framework provisions on transparency, including Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV), international consultations and analysis, and robust accounting in the Cancún Agreements and STRESSES the need to make them operational by completing the work programme for the development of a solid structure of modalities and guidelines by the Durban Climate Conference, drawing on the existing provisions under the Convention, the Kyoto Protocol and subsequent decisions; while recognising the differentiated capabilities and responsibilities of Parties, CALLS for the first enhanced national communications from Annex I Parties and biennial reports from non-Annex I Parties to be submitted no later than 1 January 2014 to ensure provision of information for the 2015 review.

12.

STRESSES the need to ensure coherence and synergies between the various institutional arrangements already in place or to be operationalised.

13.

NOTES with concern that impacts due to climate change are already happening and UNDERLINES the urgency of action on adaptation to the inevitable effects of climate change; WELCOMES the establishment of the Cancún Adaptation Framework aimed at enhancing action on adaptation in a coherent manner; EXPRESSES its commitment to make the Adaptation Committee operational by the Durban Climate Conference focusing on the functions outlined in the Cancún Agreements as soon as possible; NOTES the decision to improve understanding and enhance expertise on approaches to addressing loss and damage associated with climate change impacts as well as to continue giving consideration to the specific needs of LDCs; EMPHASISES the importance of the development and use of ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation which deliver multiple benefits at comparatively low cost and are easily accessible.

14.

WELCOMES the agreement on policy approaches and positive incentives to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, conserve and enhance forest carbon stocks and sustainably manage forests (REDD+); ENCOURAGES developing countries to develop and implement national strategies and action plans, in synergy with biodiversity strategies and action plans and while respecting the rights of indigenous peoples, in order to move as soon as possible into results-based actions; also STRESSES the need to explore financing options for the implementation of the results-based actions under REDD+, with a view to preserving environmental and market integrity and taking into account the safeguards as agreed in Cancún; RECOGNISES the importance of methodological SBSTA processes agreed at Cancún on modalities for REDD+ reference levels, MRV and safeguards with a view to the Durban Climate Conference; STRESSES the need for a robust LULUCF accounting framework to be adopted at the Durban Climate Conference and, in this context, SUPPORTS the external review process in 2011 so as to make national reference levels environmentally robust and PROPOSES accounting of forest management based on reference levels including a semi-symmetrical cap at levels that provide incentives to improve carbon sequestration and ensure environmental integrity, taking proper account of sustainable forest management and forest-related land-use change.

15.

WELCOMES the resolution of the ninth session of the United Nations Forum on Forests on Forests for People, Livelihoods and Poverty Eradication and the United Nations designation of 2011 as the International Year of Forests as a landmark opportunity to raise awareness and strengthen global political commitment and action to achieve sustainable forest management, conservation and sustainable development of all types of forests.

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