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Comparison of Brazilian and Korean R&D initiatives in Telecommunications Technology

B razil


K orea ETRI

4. M ode of financing

Phase 1: 100 per cent research grants from its parent telecom service provider, T elebras

About 60 er cent research grants from its parent M inistry of Inform ation and Com m unication. The lab also receives royalty from m anufacturers.

Phase 2: 70 per cent self generation through sale of technology and services; 30 per cent research grants from the governm ent. Has now beginning to learn to stand on its own fe e t.

5. Number of R&D scientists and engineers (as of 2002)

469 (41 per cent of total em ployees)

1600 ( 87 per cent of total)

3. Annual budget (Average amount in US $ during 1992-2002)

  • Fam ily of digital switching system s of varying capacities best suited to Korean conditions, r Rural A utom atic Exchanges. Sizeable am ount of this have been exported to other developing and transition countries

  • No telecom software manufacturing on its own,

  • Very strong interaction with local m anufacturing com panies.

  • V ery strong. W as the first to com m ercialise CDM A technology. Currently working on 4G

  • Strong patenting record. A total of 10, 796

national and 2469 patents to its credit since 1976.

1. Y ear of establishm ent

I 2. M ode of organization


  • Two phases

  • Phase 1: 1976 to June 30 1998: Stand alone public laboratory. Technology developed by the lab is transferred to Brazilian private sector com panies at nil rates of royalty

  • Phase 2: July 1 1998 onwards: Private Foundation. It consists of the central laboratory, two m anufacturing com panies and two service oriented com panies


E ric sso n



  • 0

    .01 7 9 )


6. M ain areas of technological strength

  • Fam ily of digital switching system s of varying capacities best suited to Brazilian conditions.

US $ R&D

  • Three phases

  • Phase 1: 1976- 1984: The Telecom m unication D evelopm ent Task Force decided to invest in the developm ent of electronic switching system s. The TDX 1 (8000 lines) was developed by 1984.

  • Second phase 1985- 1998: ETRI was established in 1985 and in 1992 its affiliation was changed from the M OST to M IC.

  • Third phase: 1998-. It was restructured three tim es in A pril 1998, A pril 2001 and finally for the third tim e in April

    • 2002.

      Currently it is organised into 6 technology laboratories, 3 divisions and 1 affiliated organisation.

  • Has a clear strategy for m igrating to

New Generation Network Switches

  • o

    f C P q D 's

e xp e n d itu re

US $

3 1 5 .2 5 m i l l i o n ( R a t i o o f E T

RI’s R& D Ericsson in

telecom m unication s

sin ce

  • O ptical N etw orking Products

81 millio

n ( Ratio

budget to

the R&D


m obile

(cum ulative

109 patents were granted within Brazil and 50 were granted abroad. N o m ajor exports.

budget to the R&D 2003 is: 0.09)

E x p en d itu re

7. Capability te ch n o lo g y


e x p o rts

Telecom software development

an d

W eak. Traditional strength Fixed Telephony. No clear

A ppears



lo st

ou t


only in s tr a te g y . M NCs

8. Patenting in cep tion )


Sunil Mani, UNU-INTECH, ITU Geneva, April 14 2004


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