Comparison of Brazilian and Korean R&D initiatives in Telecommunications Technology
K orea ETRI
4. M ode of financing
Phase 1: 100 per cent research grants from its parent telecom service provider, T elebras
About 60 er cent research grants from its parent M inistry of Inform ation and Com m unication. The lab also receives royalty from m anufacturers.
Phase 2: 70 per cent self generation through sale of technology and services; 30 per cent research grants from the governm ent. Has now beginning to learn to stand on its own fe e t.
5. Number of R&D scientists and engineers (as of 2002)
469 (41 per cent of total em ployees)
1600 ( 87 per cent of total)
3. Annual budget (Average amount in US $ during 1992-2002)
Fam ily of digital switching system s of varying capacities best suited to Korean conditions, r Rural A utom atic Exchanges. Sizeable am ount of this have been exported to other developing and transition countries
No telecom software manufacturing on its own,
Very strong interaction with local m anufacturing com panies.
V ery strong. W as the first to com m ercialise CDM A technology. Currently working on 4G
Strong patenting record. A total of 10, 796
national and 2469 patents to its credit since 1976.
1. Y ear of establishm ent
I 2. M ode of organization
Phase 1: 1976 to June 30 1998: Stand alone public laboratory. Technology developed by the lab is transferred to Brazilian private sector com panies at nil rates of royalty
Phase 2: July 1 1998 onwards: Private Foundation. It consists of the central laboratory, two m anufacturing com panies and two service oriented com panies
E ric sso n
.01 7 9 )
6. M ain areas of technological strength
Fam ily of digital switching system s of varying capacities best suited to Brazilian conditions.
US $ R&D
Phase 1: 1976- 1984: The Telecom m unication D evelopm ent Task Force decided to invest in the developm ent of electronic switching system s. The TDX 1 (8000 lines) was developed by 1984.
Second phase 1985- 1998: ETRI was established in 1985 and in 1992 its affiliation was changed from the M OST to M IC.
Third phase: 1998-. It was restructured three tim es in A pril 1998, A pril 2001 and finally for the third tim e in April
Currently it is organised into 6 technology laboratories, 3 divisions and 1 affiliated organisation.
Has a clear strategy for m igrating to
New Generation Network Switches
f C P q D 's
e xp e n d itu re
3 1 5 .2 5 m i l l i o n ( R a t i o o f E T
RI’s R& D Ericsson in
telecom m unication s
O ptical N etw orking Products
n ( Ratio
109 patents were granted within Brazil and 50 were granted abroad. N o m ajor exports.
budget to the R&D 2003 is: 0.09)
E x p en d itu re
7. Capability te ch n o lo g y
e x p o rts
Telecom software development
W eak. Traditional strength Fixed Telephony. No clear
only in s tr a te g y . M NCs
8. Patenting in cep tion )
Sunil Mani, UNU-INTECH, ITU Geneva, April 14 2004