scientific discovery and technological innovation; and evaluating the effects of the agricultural, scientific, industrial, and information revolutions on human society.
Understand basic concepts and terms related to the study of geography.
Includes recognizing the five fundamental themes of geography (e.g., place, location, human/environment interaction, movement, region); understanding basic geographic terms and concepts (e.g., resource, habitat, acculturation, and environment); and using these terms and concepts to examine general geographic developments and specific geographic problems.
Recognize world locations and characteristics of various landmasses, regions, and places.
Includes recognizing the shapes and locations of major landmasses; examining the relationships between major landmasses and various bodies of water; and recognizing the cultural and natural features of various regions and places.
Understand major physical and cultural regions of the world.
Includes recognizing characteristic features of the major groups associated with particular regions; understanding spatial relationships within and between regions; examining the economic, environmental, and cultural factors that contribute to demographic change; and analyzing the relationships between resource distribution, economic organization, and political authority.
Understand major physical and cultural regions of Michigan and the United States.
Includes examining the geological and climatic factors that have influenced the social and economic development of Michigan and the United States; recognizing geographic relationships within and between regions; and understanding changing patterns of land use and development.
Analyze the relationship between humans and their environment.
Includes analyzing the effects of resources and physical features (e.g., landforms, climate, vegetation) on human culture; and examining the ways in which people adapt to, modify, or depend upon their environment.
Understand major world patterns and processes.
Includes recognizing global environmental, political, cultural, and population patterns and the processes that precipitate them; and examining the relationships between world patterns and human and natural processes.
Understand basic concepts and terms related to the study of economics.
Includes demonstrating an understanding of basic economic concepts (e.g., scarcity, supply and demand, interdependence, opportunity cost/tradeoffs); and analyzing general economic phenomena and specific economic problems (e.g., inflation, recession, depression).
Analyze types and functions of economic systems.
Includes recognizing the main characteristics of command, market, mixed, and traditional models of economic organization; and analyzing the strengths and limitations of these models.