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Action, Criticism & Theory for Music Education

Page 14 of 28


experience in other cultural areas relating to the teaching of music so they are more self-sufficient and independent in their applications of such integrated teaching. Students can not only learn and understand music better but their other studies as well. To facilitate learning, it is crucial that teachers adapt to different situations and are flexible in their choice of teaching methods. Again, the knowledge depth and understanding of music is still of central importance to students when teachers employ an integrated approach to the learning and teaching of music.

An Effective Implementation A successful implementation of the MMC Model (or any other education model) requires the concerted effort and interactive communication of the network of factors in a society. The original study identified that government policies and educational practices at different levels are the two major areas of influence on education in music. While curriculum planners typically have no control over these influences, taking them into consideration is important to the pragmatic success of a curriculum.

Government policies embrace education policy as well as certain cultural and mass media policies. Educational practices are already in place at different levels (tertiary, secondary, primary and early childhood education) and vary according to locale or nation. This study was conducted in Hong Kong, which is a small, highly compact and dynamic city. Government policies and its related funding policies are always implemented simultaneously and with high, direct, and sometimes immediate impact on the life of the people of Hong Kong. In other countries, where law does not stipulate curriculum, government policies may not have a direct or immediate effect on education. Even in a communist country like the People’s Republic of China, implementation of curriculum is not as easy as one might assume due to the vast size of the nation and the diverse economic and cultural conditions in different provinces and regions. As a result, this discussion may not apply to countries where there are many social, economic, and political differences.

In addition to government policies, the interviewees highlighted the importance of the support of the community, economic prosperity, and political stability as basic

to the success of education in music. As

always, cultural subjects like music

Leung, C. (2004). Building a New Music Curriculum: A Multi-faceted approach. Action, Criticism, and Theory for Music Education. Vol.3, #2 (July 2004). http://act.maydaygroup.org/articles/Leung3_2.pdf

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