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women and girls, building an urban infrastructure support to address the needs of rural migrants who live in urban slums, promoting socially responsible procurement with codes of conduct and core labor standards, encouraging regional cooperation for prosecution and punishment.  The ADB finally recommended the formation of a mainstream ‘multidisciplinary’ approach with other sectors (cross-border transport network, economic cooperation for tourism promotion)  

Achievements:  The ADB has been successful in facilitating regional dialogue between ministries and NGOs and producing a comprehensive review of the legal framework of regional anti-trafficking legislation.  It has also produced a practical "integration tool" of sector guidelines for integration of trafficking concerns into ADB operations.


The representative of IOM-Asia stressed, as a priority, that governments recognize the problem and make trafficking in persons part of the national agenda and create national committees (inter-ministerial) to combat trafficking.  The ministries lack resources.  There is a need to expand the information network to the private sector: business, transportation, tourism, etc.

International Human Rights Law Group

The representative from the International Human Rights Law Group pointed out that Latin-America and Africa are the most under-researched, under-served and under-funded regions of the world on this issue, despite the magnitude of the problem in each region.  NGOs are frequently overwhelmed carrying on investigations, providing health services and dangerous rescue operations, with no cooperation from national governments.  A multifaceted approach would require that governments recognize the existence of human trafficking, enter into partnership with NGOs, develop an interagency working group and coordinate programs in countries of origin and destination.  Funders should assist NGOs in coordinating activities at the regional and international networks and provide financial assistance to NGOs for victim assistance, services and advocacy.

Casa Alianza, (regional NGO)

The representative of Casa Alianza in Central America, presented overwhelming data on the trafficking of women and children for sexual exploitation and the increase of internal trafficking to satisfy the demand of sex tourism.  Cases in border areas, indictments and difficulties in prosecution, testimony of victims, and successful government initiatives were developed in great detail.  The forgery of documents, lack of birth registration, corruption, poverty and social violence are some of the contributing factors that help boost illegal migration.  The trafficking crisis cannot diminish until society responds to the contributory factors that elicit illegal migration.  Concerning sex tourism, Harris expressed that it is not only a matter of national justice; the private sector tourism industry must get involved if we wish to eliminate demand.  The existence of a code of conduct for the tourism industry is an important tool in

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