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FUTURE TRENDS OF TILAPIA AQUACULTURE IN THE AMERICAS - page 12 / 13

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likely to incorporate recirculating systems and nurs- eries in an effort to improve water quality, produc- tivity and broodstock management.

Tilapia aquaculture in the Americas has a bright future and will continue to see rapid growth. There will be impressive successes and spectacular fail- ures as additional participants join the industry. Markets will increase steadily and production will follow in fits and starts.

CONCLUSIONS

 By 2010, total production in the Americas will increase to 500,000 t/y (Table 4);

 Sex-reversed O. niloticus will account for the majority of tilapia production;

 Genetically male tilapia and all-male hybrids will provide a majority of finger- lings;

  • O. aureus and O. mossambicus will be

used only to create hybrids;

 Red strains will account for 20–30% of all tilapia produced;

 Most tilapia fingerlings will come from intensive hatchery/nursery operations;

 Intensive ponds will provide 50% of production;

 Large scale cage operations will provide 20–30% of production;

 Indoor recirculating systems will provide 10% of production;

 Nutrition will improve with FCR’s ap- proaching 1.0;

 Mexico and Brazil will be the major producers and major consumers;

 US will be the 3rd largest producer, 3rd largest consumer, and the largest importer;

 Production will be more intensive in every country;

 More processing will occur in countries of origin;

Fitzsimmons

Argentina

12

14

46

Belize

150

180

400

Brazil

35,000

40,000

125,000

Canada

140

200

700

Chile

0

0

0

Colombia

20,000

21,000

48,000

Costa Rica

7,000

7,500

21,000

Cuba

36,000

39,000

55,000

Ecuador

5,000

8,000

20,000

El Salvador

20

30

90

Guatemala

260

260

800

Honduras

4,000

5,000

7,000

Jamaica

4,400

4,600

9,000

Mexico

102,000

105,000

182,000

Nicaragua

400

500

3,000

Panama

65

80

900

Paraguay

60

80

200

Peru

0

0

0

Suriname

105

200

800

Trinidad

29

30

64

USA

9,000

10,000

17,000

Venezuela

2,000

2,200

7,000

Other Nations

140

180

2,000

TOTAL

225,781

244,054

500,000

1999

2000

2010

Country

)

)

)

Table 4. Estimated tilapia production, 1999–2010

Estimated Tilapia Production

 Amount of “value adding” will increase rapidly with more fillets, breading, mari- nated product will enter markets;

 5% of tilapia will be grown in polyculture with Macrobrachium, red claw, cachama or other fish.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

I would like to thank 2 anonymous reviewers, the authors of other chapters in this book and sev- eral farm owners for valuable critiques. I would also like to thank friends in virtually all of the countries covered for their assistance. Any misinterpretation or mistranslation of their contributions is the respon- sibility of this author.

263

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