Future Trends of Tilapia Aquaculture in the Americas
Figure 1. Tilapia production in the Americas. Size of fish symbols indicates relative size of total production.
sport fishing of tilapia. The market is supplied mostly with red tilapia. There is a growing perception of tilapia as a high quality fish. In taste tests of tilapia with native freshwater fish, a group of chefs rated tilapia the highest quality (Chammas 1999). Rap- idly increasing population, along with declining yields from capture fisheries is contributing to in- creasing demand for tilapia products.
In the northeast region, fertilized ponds are the most common culture method. In the south and southeast regions, cages, raceways, and intensive round tanks are more common. Several large cage projects have begun since recent changes in regula- tions, which permit aquaculture leases in public res- ervoirs (Kubtiza 1999). Sex reversal is widely used, and many hatcheries advertise fingerlings in the