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The Singapore URA classifies pre-war shophouses into four main categories: Early-style Shophouses, Late-style Shophouses, Art Deco Shophouses and Modern Shophouses. The vast majority of the Art Deco shophouses were built in the 1930s, and those built in the later half of the decade are in the Streamline Moderne style, such as the illustrated 1939 shophouse on Keong Siak Street in the Chinatown Conservation Area (fig. 14). Like the Wan Chai Market, this shophouse features similar character-defining elements, such as, the cantilevered sun-shading fins and very clean-cut and undecorated elevations. Unlike the Wan Chai Market, however, this shophouse is not misidentified as an example of Bauhaus architecture, which it certainly is not.

The French-designed Central Market in Phnom Penh (or Phsar Thmey in the romanization of the Cambodian language; also sometimes referred to as Grand Market or Phsar Thom Thmey), is a major landmark and a still-active marketplace in Cambodia’s capital city. This 1937 market building is often compared with Wan Chai Market by local architects as the “only other Bauhaus market” (quoted in Chloe Lai, “Battle for Wan Chai Market Looms,” South China Morning Post, 25 April 2004, C1). It is certainly not a Bauhaus building; it has been correctly classified by the local architectural school and institute as an Art Deco building, and it certainly can be even more accurately classified as an Art Deco building in the Streamline Moderne tradition (figs. 15 and 16).

Figs. 15 and 16: Phnom Penh’s Central Market when it was first completed (1937) and its recent appearance. (Image source: (all) http://www.phnompenh.gov.kh)

Streamline Moderne Architecture in Hong Kong

Figs. 17 and 18: University Lodge (1949) on 1 University Drive, Hong Kong; former Northcote Teachers' Training College (1941) (now Bonham Road Government Primary School) on 9A Bonham Road, Hong Kong. (Image source: (fig. 17) The University of Hong Kong; (fig. 18) Lee Ho Yin)

As far as it is known, there is only one Streamline Moderne market in Hong Kong (Wan Chai Market), and examples of other Streamline Moderne building types appear to be few. Two examples, which are not very well known because of their inconspicuous locations, are University Lodge (1949) (fig. 17) and the former Northcote Teachers’ Training College (1941), which is now used as the Bonham Road Government Primary School (fig. 18). Both date to the 1940s, and being completed after the Art Deco decade (the 1930s), they display a strong Early


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