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Modernism (Bauhaus) character, and can easily be confused as obvious symmetry and other Streamline Moderne features. buildings represents the transition from Streamline Moderne to popular architectural aesthetic trend.

Bauhaus buildings if not for their The architecture of these two Early Modernism (Bauhaus) as a

Bauhaus Architecture in Hong Kong

In view of the understandable confusion between Streamline Moderne and Bauhaus buildings, it is necessary to look at some Bauhaus examples in Hong Kong so that they can be better distinguished from the other style through comparison.

There are at least two markets in Hong Kong designed in the Bauhaus style. An early example is Central Market (1939) (fig. 19), which, interestingly, displays vestiges of the Streamline Moderne style, such as the rounded building corners. A more affirmatively Bauhaus market is Bridges Street Market (1951) (fig. 20). This market is very much designed in the Bauhaus vocabulary with its asymmetrical elevation treatment based on the principle of “form follows function”, a large glazed area near the entrance to express the transparency of the building, and the boxy rectilinear form. This classic Bauhaus building has been scheduled for conservation under the latest urban renewal plan for the locality.

Figs. 19 and 20: Central Market (1939), 80 Des Vouex Road Central, Hong Kong; Bridges Street Market (1951), 2 Bridges Street, Hong Kong. (Image source: (fig. 19) http://www.hk-place.com; (fig. 20) Hong Kong Public Works Department Annual Report 1953-54)

Figs. 21 and 22: Comparison of the Hong Kong City Hall (1962) and the Bauhaus School of Design in Dessau (1926). The resemblance is not coincidental; by the 1950s, the influence of Bauhaus in architecture had gone global, in part due to the exodus of Bauhaus-trained architects out of Germany before and after World War II. (Image source: (fig. 21) Hong Kong Information Services Department; (fig. 22) www.ifa.de)

By the 1950s, Art Deco as an architectural trend was practically over in Hong Kong, if not in the world. Buildings completed in this and the subsequent decade were mostly in the true Bauhaus


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