“Involve” is defined, in pertinent part, as “to draw in as a participant,” to “implicate,” “to
relate closely,” to “connect,” “to have an effect on,” to “concern directly,” to “affect.”
Webster's Third New International Dictionary 1191 (1986). Clearly, a driver of a vehicle
that causes a crash is "involved" in the crash.
Although no Florida appellate court has addressed this precise issue,
courts of other states have likewise held that drivers who caused accidents were
"involved" in those accidents even if the car they were driving did not collide with
another car. See State v. Korovkin, 47 P.3d 1131, 1135 (Ariz. Ct. App. 2002) (holding
in a prosecution for leaving the scene of an accident that a driver, by racing with another
driver, actively participated in the immediate chain of events culminating in a collision
between the other driver and a third car); Armstrong v. State, 848 N.E.2d 1088, 1092
(Ind.) (holding that the duties imposed under a statute governing a driver's failure to stop
after an accident causing death are triggered regardless of whether the driver's vehicle
struck anything), cert. denied, 127 S. Ct. 513 (2006); Steen v. State, 640 S.W.2d 912,
914 (Tex. Crim. App. 1982) (holding in a prosecution for failure to stop and render aid
that the defendant was "involved" in the collision where his improper lane change
caused a passing vehicle to swerve to avoid hitting the defendant, resulting in a head-
on collision between the passing vehicle and an oncoming vehicle); cf. State v.
Perebeynos, 87 P.3d 1216, 1218-19 (Wash. Ct. App. 2004) (holding that the evidence
was sufficient to support the finding that the defendant was "involved in an accident"
within the meaning of the hit-and-run statute, even though he made no contact with
another vehicle because the defendant's erratic driving caused another driver to swerve
and hit a truck), review granted, 103 P.3d 1247 (Wash. 2005).