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by the Immigration Act of 1990, an annual limit of between 416,000 and 675,000 currently exists for family-sponsored preferences, employment preferences, and diversity immigrants.

Table 1. Legal Permanent Resident Flow: Fiscal Years 2004 to 2006

2006

2005

2004

Category of Admission Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Family-sponsored preferences consist of four categories: unmarried sons and daughters of U.S. citizens and their children; spouses, children, and unmarried sons and daughters of lawful perma- nent residents and their children; married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens and their spouses and children; and brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens aged 21 and over, and their spouses and children. The annual limit for family-sponsored preferences ranges from 226,000 to 480,000. (See Appendix 1 for more details on the limit calculations). 1,266,264 447,016 819,248 100.0 35.3 64.7 1,122,373 384,071 738,302 100.0 34.2 65.8 957,883 373,962 583,921 100.0 39.0 61.0 Total. . . . . . . . . . . . . . New arrivals. . . . . . . . . . . Adjustments of status . . . Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Computer Linked Applicant Information Management System (CLAIMS), Legal Immigrant Data, Fiscal Years 2004 to 2006. Table 2. Legal Permanent Resident Flow by Major Category of Admission: Fiscal Years 2004 to 2006 2006 Number Percent 2005 Number Percent 2004 Number Percent Category of Admission 1,266,264 803,335 222,229 25,432 112,051 21,491 63,255 581,106 339,843 120,441 120,199 623 159,081 36,960 21,911 89,922 9,539 749 44,471 259,377 4,569 216,454 99,609 116,845 661 29,516 3,566 25,950 3,375 4,802 100.0 63.4 17.6 2.0 8.8 1.7 5.0 45.9 26.8 9.5 9.5 - 12.6 2.9 1.7 7.1 0.8 - 3.5 20.5 0.4 17.1 7.9 9.2 0.1 2.3 0.3 2.1 0.3 0.4 1,122,373 649,772 212,970 24,729 100,139 22,953 65,149 436,802 259,144 82,113 94,974 571 246,878 64,731 42,597 129,070 10,134 346 46,234 179,489 7,715 142,962 112,676 30,286 1,155 20,785 5,188 15,597 2,820 4,052 100.0 57.9 19.0 2.2 8.9 2.1 5.8 38.9 23.1 7.3 8.5 0.1 22.0 5.8 3.8 11.5 0.9 - 4.1 16.0 0.7 12.7 10.0 2.7 0.1 1.9 0.5 1.4 0.3 0.4 957,883 632,877 214,355 26,380 93,609 28,695 65,671 418,522 252,193 77,534 88,088 100.0 66.1 22.4 2.8 9.8 3.0 6.9 43.7 26.3 8.1 9.2 0.1 16.2 3.3 3.4 9.0 0.6 - 5.2 12.5 0.7 7.4 6.4 1.1 0.2 3.4 0.3 3.1 0.3 0.4 Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Family-sponsored immigrants . . . . . . . . . . . . . Family-sponsored preferences . . . . . . . . . . . . Unmarried sons/daughters of U.S. citizens . Spouses and children of alien residents . . . Married sons/daughters of U.S. citizens . . . Siblings of U.S. citizens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens. . . . . . . . Spouses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Children. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Children born abroad to alien residents . . . . Employment-based preferences. . . . . . . . . . . . Priority workers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Professionals with advanced degrees . . . . . . Skilled workers, professionals, unskilled workers . . . Special immigrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Investors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Diversity programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parolees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Refugees and Asylees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Refugee adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asylee adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NACARA1 Section 202. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cancellation of removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Subject to annual limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Not subject to limit (NACARA1 Section 203) . . . Haitian Refugee Immigrant Fairness Act . . . . . Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employment preferences consist of five categories of workers (and their spouses and children): priority workers; professionals with advanced degrees or aliens of exceptional ability; skilled workers, professionals (without advanced degrees), and needed un- skilled workers; special immigrants (e.g., ministers, religious workers, and employees of the U.S. government abroad); and employment creation immigrants or “investors.” The employment preference limit is equal to 140,000 plus any unused family preferences from the previous year. 707 155,330 31,291 32,534 85,969 5,407 129 50,084 119,592 Diversity immigrants are nationals of countries with low rates of legal immigration to the United States. The annual Diversity limit has been 50,000 since 1999. Nationals of countries with more than 50,000 numerically limited admissions during the preceding five years are excluded from participating in the Diversity Program. The Office of Immigration Statistics (OIS) calculates Diversity limits for six broad world regions using data collected by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The limits are calculated annually using a formula based on immigrant admissions during the preceding five years and the population total of the region.The maximum limit per country is 3,850. 7,121 71,230 61,013 10,217 2,292 32,702 2,566 30,136 2,451 3,796 - Figure rounds to 0.0. 1 Nicaraguan Adjustment and Central American Relief Act of 1997. Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Computer Linked Application Information Management System (CLAIMS), Legal Immigrant Data, Fiscal Years 2004 to 2006. for employment preferences (see Appendix 1). In addition, there are per country and dependent area limits equal to 7 percent and 2 percent, respectively, of the total number of family-sponsored and employment preferences. In 2006, the per country limit was 25,896 and the dependent area limit was 7,399. In 2006, the limit on preference immigration was 419,949, including 226,000 for family-sponsored preferences and 143,949

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DHS Office of Immigration Statistics

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