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Table 3.

Legal Permanent Resident Flow by Region and Country of Birth: Fiscal Years 2004 to 2006

(Countries ranked by 2006 LPR flow)

2006

2005

2004

Region/country of birth Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Number 1,266,264

REGION: Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . North America. . . . . . . . . . . Carribbean. . . . . . . . . . . . Central America . . . . . . . . Other North America. . . . . Oceania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . South America . . . . . . . . . . Unknown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTRY:

117,430 422,333 164,285 414,096 146,771

75,030 192,295

7,385 138,001

2,734

Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . China, People’s Republic . . . Philippines . . . . . . . . . . . . . India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cuba . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Colombia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dominican Republic. . . . . . . El Salvador . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vietnam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jamaica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Korea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Guatemala . . . . . . . . . . . . . Haiti. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Peru . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ecuador . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pakistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . United Kingdom . . . . . . . . . Ukraine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

173,753 87,345 74,607 61,369 45,614 43,151 38,069 31,783 30,695 24,976 24,386 24,146 22,228 21,718 18,207 17,910 17,490 17,418 17,207 17,142

All other countries . . . . . . . .

457,050

Percent 100.0

9.3 33.4 13.0 32.7 11.6 5.9 15.2 0.6 10.9 0.2

13.7

6.9 5.9 4.8 3.6 3.4 3.0 2.5 2.4 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4

36.1

161,445

14.4

69,967

6.2

60,748

5.4

84,681

7.5

36,261

3.2

25,571

2.3

27,504

2.5

21,359

1.9

32,784

2.9

18,346

1.6

26,562

2.4

16,825

1.5

14,529

1.3

15,676

1.4

21,878

2.0

16,664

1.5

11,608

1.0

14,926

1.3

19,800

1.8

22,761

2.0

402,478

35.9

85,102

7.6

400,135

35.7

176,569

15.7

345,575

30.8

108,598

9.7

53,470

4.8

183,507

16.4

6,546

0.6

103,143

9.2

5,303

0.5

Number

Percent

1,122,373

100.0

175,411

18.3

55,494

5.8

57,846

6.0

70,151

7.3

20,488

2.1

18,846

2.0

30,506

3.2

29,807

3.1

31,524

3.3

14,430

1.5

19,766

2.1

18,920

2.0

14,191

1.5

11,794

1.2

15,569

1.6

10,556

1.1

8,626

0.9

12,086

1.3

14,915

1.6

14,156

1.5

312,801

32.7

66,422

6.9

334,540

34.9

133,181

13.9

342,468

35.8

89,144

9.3

62,287

6.5

191,037

19.9

5,985

0.6

72,060

7.5

3,227

0.3

Number

Percent

957,883

100.0

Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Computer Legal Immigrant Data, Fiscal Years 2004 to 2006.

Linked Application Information Management System (CLAIMS),

to adjust to legal permanent resident status after one year of residence in the United States. The number of persons who may be admitted to the United States as refugees each year is established by the President in consultation with Congress. The ceiling on refugee admissions was set at 70,000 each year from 2003 to 2006.

Asylees must wait one year after they are granted asylum to apply for lawful permanent residence. Until 2005, an annual limit of 10,000 existed on the number of persons authorized to adjust status under the major classes of admission for asylees. The REAL ID Act eliminated that cap.

Other Admission Categories

The remaining admission categories usually account for less than 10 percent of the annual LPR flow.These categories tend to be limited to certain foreign nationals admitted under special legislation.

Paths to LPR Status

There are two paths to LPR status depending on whether the applicant is living in the United States or another country at the time of application. Foreign nationals living abroad apply for an immigrant visa at a consular office of the Department of State. Once issued a visa, they may enter the United States and become LPRs when they are admitted at a port of entry.

Persons who qualify for legal permanent resident status who are living in the United States, including refugees, certain temporary workers, foreign students, and certain undocumented immigrants, file an application for adjustment of status to law- ful permanent residence with USCIS. At the time they apply for adjustment of status, they may also apply for permission to work. Adjustment of status applicants are granted lawful permanent residence at the time their applications are approved.

Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizens

Eligibility for Naturalization

Some LPR admission categories are exempt from the annual numeric limits for preference and diversity immigration. The numerically largest category is immediate relatives (spouses and children of U.S. citizens and parents of adult U.S. citizens aged 21 and over). Immediate relatives of U.S. citizens typically account for 40 percent or more of the annual LPR flow. Immediate relatives combined with family-sponsored preferences are referred to as family-sponsored immigrants.

Most legal permanent residents who are at least 18 years of age are eligible to apply for citizenship after meeting certain requirements. These requirements generally include 5 years of lawful permanent residency in the United States and successful completion of English language, civics and history tests. Legal immigrant children under 18 years of age may automatically acquire citizen- ship from their U.S. citizen parents.

DATA

Refugees and Asylees

Refugees and asylees who adjust to LPR status are exempt from preference and diversity annual numerical limits. Refugees are eligible

The data presented in this report were obtained from the Computer Linked Application Information System (CLAIMS) of USCIS, which maintains information from the applications for lawful permanent

DHS Office of Immigration Statistics

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