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resident status. The DS-230 Application for Immigrant Visa and Alien Registration of the Department of State is used by applicants living abroad. The I-485 Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status of USCIS is used by applicants living in the United States.

Information collected on these applications includes: class of admission, date the deci- sion was made to grant the applicant lawful permanent residence, country of birth, country of last residence, age, marital status, geographic residence, occupation, prior nonimmigrant class and year of entry (adjustments of status only). Data for the latter three variables are not presented in this report because a significant number of cases were missing that information.

2006

2005

2004

Number Percent

Number Percent

Number Percent

Table 4. Legal Permanent Resident Flow by State of Residence: Fiscal Years 2004 to 2006

(Ranked by 2006 LPR flow)

State of residence

Total. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . California. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . New York . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Florida. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Texas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . New Jersey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Virginia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Massachusetts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ....

1,266,264 264,677 180,165 155,996 89,037 65,934 52,459 38,488 35,560 32,202 30,204 321,542

100.0

1,122,373

100.0

957,883

20.9

232,023

20.7

253,858

14.2

136,828

12.2

103,151

12.3

122,918

11.0

76,178

7.0

95,958

8.6

92,440

5.2

56,180

5.0

50,699

4.1

52,419

4.7

46,896

3.0

27,100

2.4

22,104

2.8

34,236

3.1

28,067

2.5

31,535

2.8

16,681

2.4

22,870

2.0

20,549

25.4

310,306

27.6

247,260

100.0 26.5 10.8 8.0 9.7 5.3 4.9 2.3 2.9 1.7 2.1 25.8

Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Secu Immigrant Data, Fiscal Years 2004 to 2006.

rity, Computer Linked Application Info

rmation Management System

(CLAIMS), Legal

From the late 1990s until recently, adjust- ment of status application processing issues at USCIS caused fluctuations in the annual LPR flow and its demographic com- position. Therefore, caution should be exercised in drawing conclusions about the propensity to immigrate from the data presented in this report.

RESULTS

2006

2005

2004

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

1,266,264

100.0

1,122,373

100.0

957,883

100.0

224,444

17.7

172,858

15.4

138,577

14.5

Table 5.

Legal Permanent Resident Flow by Metropolitan Area of Residence: Fiscal Years 2004 to 2006

(Ranked by 2006 LPR flow)

Metropolitan areas of residence Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

New York-Northern New Jersey- Long Island, NY-NJ-PA . . . . . . . . . . . .

Legal immigration increased 13 percent from 1,122,373 in 2005 to 1,266,264 in 2006 (see Table 1). More than one-half of the increase occurred among persons adjusting status and reflects a decline in the number of applications pending a decision. The number of LPR adjustments of status increased 11 percent from 738,302 in 2005, to 819,248 in 2006. Adjustments of status accounted for 65 percent of all LPRs in 2006 and 66 percent in 2005.The number of LPR new arrivals increased by 16 percent from 384,071 in 2005 to 447,016 in 2006.

Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI. . . . . . San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA . . . . Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX . . . . . . Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH . . . . . Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX. . . . . . . . Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA . . . .

49,755 38,350 31,557 28,473 26,654 25,270

3.9 3.0 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.0

49, 33, 34, 27, 28, 25,

Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

567,403

44.8

535,

018

4.4

43,846

4.6

880

3.0

37,233

3.9

791

3.1

34,996

3.7

139

2.4

22,712

2.4

971

2.6

25,238

2.6

353

2.3

12,970

1.4

411 47.7

449,396

46.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA . . . Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL . . .

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria- Rockville, DC-VA-MD-WV . . . . . . . . . . .

120,880 98,922 54,556

9.5

98,244

8.8

110,824

11.6

7.8

79,558

7.1

49,816

5.2

4.3

37,150

3.3

32,275

3.4

Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Computer Linked Application Information Immigrant Data, Fiscal Years 2004 to 2006. Note: Metropolitan areas defined based on Core-based Statistical Areas (CBSAs).

Management System

(CLAIMS), Legal

Historical Trend

year since 1991 when a record 1.8 million persons became legal permanent residents.

The annual LPR flow has exhibited an upward trend since World War II (see Figure 1). The annual average LPR flow quadrupled from 250,000 during the 1950s to just over one million during 2000 to 2006. Changes in immigration law associated with this increase include the elimination of country quotas on Eastern Hemisphere immigration and increases in annual limits for hemi- spheric and preference immigration.The spike in legal immigration around 1990 reflects the legalization of 2.7 million undocumented immigrants under the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986.The LPR flow was larger in 2006 than in any other

Class of Admission

The increase in the LPR flow between 2005 and 2006 was con- centrated among immediate relatives of U.S. citizens and asylees (see Table 2). The number of persons obtaining LPR status as immediate relatives of U.S. citizens increased 33 percent from 436,802 in 2005 to 581,106 in 2006. The immediate relatives share of the total LPR flow increased from 39 percent in 2005 to 46 percent in 2006.

4

DHS Office of Immigration Statistics

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