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Table A1. Annual Limits for Preference and Diversity Immigrants: Fiscal Year 2006 (4.1 percent).These six states represented the residence of 64 percent of new LPRs in 2006. The top 10 states of residence ( w h i c h a l s o i n c l u d e d Vi rg i n i a , Massachusetts, Georgia, and Maryland) accounted for the residence of 75 percent of new LPRs. Preference/description Limit Family-sponsored preferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . First: Unmarried sons and daughters of U.S. citizens and their children. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Second: Spouses, children, and unmarried sons and daughters of permanent resident aliens . . . Third: Married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fourth: Brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens (at least 21 years of age) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employment-based preferences. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . First: Priority workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Second: Professionals with advanced degrees or aliens of exceptional ability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Third: Skilled workers, professionals, and needed unskilled workers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fourth: Special immigrants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fifth: Employment creation (“investors”) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Diversity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226,000 23,400 1 114,200 2 23,400 2 65,000 2 143,949 41,170 3 41,170 2 41,169 2 10,220 10,220 50,000 The leading metropolitan statistical areas of destination represented in the LPR flows in 2006 were New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA (18 percent) and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA (9.5 percent)(see Table 5)2. Other leading destinations included Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL, Washington-Arlington- Alexandria-Rockville, DC-VA-MD-WV, and Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI. These five metropolitan statistical areas represented the residence of 43 percent of persons becoming LPRs in 2006. 1 Plus unused family 4th preference visas. 2 Visas not used in higher preferences may be used in these categories. 3Plus unused employment 4th and 5th preference visas. Source: U.S. Department of State. Employment Preference Limit The annual limit is equal to 140,000 plus unused family-sponsored preferences in the previous fiscal year. There were 3,949 unused family sponsored preferences in 2005. The 2006 employment preference limit was 143,949 (140,000 plus 3,949). The limit is 28.6 percent of the total for each of the first three employment preferences and 7.1 percent for the last two preferences. In 2006, the number of employment-based preference immigrants exceeded the above limit. This was due to the REAL ID Act of 2005, which recaptured 50,000 unused employment-based visas, 33,341 of which were used in 2006. Age, Gender, and Marital Status LPRs have historically been younger than the native population of the United States. In 2006, the median age for persons becoming LPRs was 31 years (see Table 6). In contrast, the median age for the U.S. native population was 34 years.3 New LPRs are more likely to be female than the native U.S. population. In 2006, females accounted for 56 percent of new LPRs (see Table 7) compared with 51 percent for the U.S. native population. The majority (58 percent) of new LPRs were married (see Table 8) compared with 40 percent of the native population.3 Per-Country and Dependent Area Limits

Appendix 1

PREFERENCE IMMIGRATION LIMITS4

Family-Sponsored Preferences Limit

A limit of 7 percent of total family-sponsored and employment preferences is set for independent countries, and a limit of 2 percent for dependent areas. The 2006 limit for independent foreign states was 25,896 (7 percent of 369,949 or 226,000 plus 143,949) and the limit for dependencies was 7,399 (2 percent of 369,949).

The annual limit is calculated as 480,000 minus the number of aliens who were issued visas or who adjusted to LPR status in the previous fiscal year as 1) immediate relatives of U.S. citizens, 2) chil- dren born subsequent to the issuance of a visa to an accompanying parent, and 3) children born abroad to lawful permanent residents on temporary trips abroad minus 4) certain categories of aliens paroled into the United States in the second preceding fiscal year plus 5) unused employment preferences in the preceding year.

Diversity Limits The annual limit for diversity visas was 50,000 in 2006.

The family-sponsored preference limit may not fall below a minimum of 226,000 in any year.The number of legal permanent residence issued visas or who adjusted status in fiscal year 2005 under categories 1 to 4 above was 457,848. There were zero unused employment preferences in 2005. The calculated limit for family-sponsored preferences in 2005 was 22,152 (480,000 minus 457,848 plus 0). Since this number was below 226,000, the family-sponsored preference limit was set at 226,000. The limit for each category is shown below (see Table A1).

2 Beginning in 2005, the Office of Immigration Statistics (OIS) redefined metropolitan areas (Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas), to conform with new standards issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget for core-based statistical areas (CBSAs). LPR data for 2004 have been revised to reflect this definitional change. See Federal Register, Vol. 65, No. 249, Wednesday 12/27/2000, avail- able at http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg/metroareas122700.pdf. The most current CBSA definitions are available from OMB at: http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/inforeg/statpolicy.html#fs.

3 Calculated from the March 2006 Current Population Survey public use microdata file of the Bureau of the Census.

4 The Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State, is responsible for determining these limits. See the monthly Visa Bulletin for more information on the limits (http://travel.state.gov/ visa/frvi/bulletin/bulletin_2805.html).

DHS Office of Immigration Statistics

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