Galileo was born in Pisa Italy in 1564 (the same year that William Shakespeare was born and the same year Michelangelo died). He is known as the ‘Father of Modern Science’. He was famous for his work with astronomy, physics, philosophy and mathematics. He made improvements to the telescope and was one of the first people to use the scientific method to test theories. The idea of testing and experimenting to prove or disprove a theory was revolutionary during Galileo’s time.
Galileo’s innovative way of thinking led him to disprove some of the beliefs of ancient Greek philosophers, like Aristotle. He also published work that helped prove Copernicus’ Heliocentric Theory. The Catholic Church condemned his theory calling it “false and contrary to scripture.” Galileo was shunned by the church and was forced to spend the rest of his life under house arrest.