population of Southern India. Wayne Chandler in “The Jewel in the Lotus...” noted that “the
Black race is by far the oldest” race in India; and quoting Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Indian
historian and anthropologist, he says that these Black original inhabitants of India “appear to
have come from Africa through Arabia and the coastlands of Iran ...” 34. Runoko Rashidi says
that “India taken as a whole ... is a combination of Egypt and Ethiopians”, Ethiopia being a word
used to describe ‘East and West’ Africa in ancient texts.35 In They Lived Before Adam, we gave
evidence from the works of Basil Davidson and Medieval Arab historians that Indian Naga
tribes sojourned in East Africa before continuing to the land of their present habitation.36
These revelations lend credence to our thesis that Dravidians were the original inhabitants
of Igbo Ukwu; that Igbo Ukwu was the lost African city of Rama and that it was Dravidians
who left behind the “Indian” artefacts unearthed by Shaw. In fact Dravidians are actually
known as the Igbos of India.37 Our findings as confirmed by recent research findings by
molecular Geneticists, Clyde Winters, of Governors State University, Illinois, USA, is that
Dravidians of India are of West African origin. The study concludes, as have a number of
other studies before it, that several cultural, linguistic and genetic threats among the Dravidians
of India suggest that they are of African origin.38 It further concludes that many traditional
Dravidian crops are of indigenous African origin, and bear indigenous African names, already
used in Africa before the Dravidian migrations. We quote Clyde Winters:
34 “The Jewel in the Lotus, Ethiopian presence in the Indus Valley“, in Sertima and Rashidi ed. African Presence in Early Asia, p. 82, 1988
35 Runoko Rashidi, “More Light on Sumer, Elam and India“, in Sertima and Rashidi, African Presence in Early Asia, p. 171, 1988.
36 Basil Davidson, Africa In History, 1991; The Lost Cities of Africa, 1997 quoted the greatest Medieval Arab geographer El Mas’udi about post-Deluge migrations of African Kushites.
37 According to Ajay Prabhakar, our Dravidian colleague.
38 Published in International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. xxx-xxx, March, 2010 under the title, “Y-Chromosome Evidence of an African Origin of Dravidian Agriculture”, by Clyde Winters.