enged in Antiquity”.59 Igbo influences affected the Aegean through Egypt whose original
capital was Igbo Ukwu. In fact the ancient Egyptians and Dravidians and their civilizations
were all products of Pre-historic Igbo land. James Brunson who studied the Cretan civilization of
Mycenae and the artefacts and wall paintings excavated by Arthur Evans in the palace of
Knossos noted without equivocation that “the civilization belonged to an African people”, an
observation which confirms that of Evans himself. 60 In They Lived Before Adam we drew
parallels between some of images from Knossos and those from the Igbo environment. In their
study of megalithic cultures of Europe R.M. De Longe and Jay Wakefield (a Dutch and an
American) have discovered an ancient stone map in a megalithic grave in France showing the
precise entry to the River Niger 61, thus adding wight to our thesis that the Niger was the bearer
of ancient civilizations and culture-bearing migrations.
Indeed the answer as to whether the Igbo were the first people, takes us back to
excavations carried out in the early 1970s by a team of archaeologists from the University of
Nigeria, Nsukka led by Prof. F.N. Anozie. These archaeologists found evidence of Prehistoric
habitations of Early Stone Age people in Igbo land dating back to before 500,000 B.C. Their
excavations carried out in Ugwuele, Isiukwuato in Old Okigwe (present day Abia State), makes a
case for an Igbo-based earliest habitation of Homo Erectus in the world and that Igbo land was
the global industry of Stone Age tools that might have supplied other parts of the world with
hand-axes. 62 More than that, the peripheral findings of the archaeologists suggest that Igbo land
59 The Histories, from Bernal, “Black Athena: The African and Levantine Roots in Greece”, African Presence in Early Europe ed, Ivan Van Sertima
60 Brunson, “The African Presence in the Ancient Mediterranean Isles and the Middle East”, African Presence in Early Europe,
61 De Longe and Wakefield, The Stenen Spreken/The Speaking Stones, 1996, p. 52. For more on our recent articles on this subject check out Acholonu’s online articles on Ogam and on Kush.
62 Anozie, F.N., “Archaeology in Igbo land – The Early Pre-History” in Ofomata, A Survey of the Igbo Nation, 2002.