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However, despite the fact that "Luke's understanding of mission differed in significant respects from that of Matthew . . . and Paul . . . . the three portrayals are, at most, subparadigms of one coherent early Christian paradigm of mission" (1991:84).  The following table summarizes and compares the complimentary themes which have been discussed in this section.

TABLE  1

COMPARING  MATTHEW  AND  LUKE

Matthew

Luke

Genealogy

Traces Jesus back to David and Abraham to show that the Messiah was truly rooted in Judaism.

Includes four Gentile women in the genealogy.  Shows the gospel is to be more inclusive than the traditional Jewish culture.

Traces Jesus back to Adam to show that the Messiah came from a common, worldwide humanity.

Follows for the most part Matthew’s genealogy from Abraham to affirm the Judaic heritage of Christianity.

Birth Narratives

Introduces the major theological themes of Matthew and presents Jesus as the New Moses.

Links together the Old Testament prophetic ministry with the New Testament ministry of the Spirit.

Commissioning

Jesus gives the commissioning from Galilee to provide the Jews with an outward look to the Gentiles.

Jesus gives the commissioning from Jerusalem to  provide the Gentiles with a deeper tie with the Jews.

Mission

Must intentionally cross the boundary of culture to reach the nations.

Must intentionally cross the boundary of self-centeredness to reach others with compassion.

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