Over twenty-five percent of Matthew is filled with rich discourse, with the Sermon on the Mount being the largest single unit of Christ’s teachings in the four gospels. Along with the narratives that surround the discourses, the disciples have a large storehouse from which to bring forth things new and old. Lastly, the promise of Christ’s presence continues to echo until the gospel is preached as a witness to all the nations.
From the above brief summation and conclusions it is evident that Matthew’s book can be seen as a manual on discipleship. Although it might not be possible to conclude that Matthew wrote or that the apostles used the book for this purpose, it is clear that there is abundant justification to do so.
This paper seeks to buttress both the biblical and theological foundation of making disciples by studying the seminal importance of the Holy Spirit and discipleship as portrayed in Luke-Acts. In this regard: "Luke 4:16-21 has, for all practical purposes, replaced Matthew's 'Great Commission' as the key text not only for understanding Christ's own mission but also that of the church" (Bosch 1991:84). As such, Luke 4:16-21 is seen as “being of programmatic significance” (Marshall 1971:91). The same Spirit which rests upon the Messiah will soon be promised and given in abundance to the waiting and praying community of disciples at Pentecost.
Luke's pneumatology was one of the first aspects of his theology that came to be studied for itself. More than any other New Testament author Luke speaks of the Spirit of God and it is commonly observed that the Spirit is the connecting thread which runs through both parts' of his work, as well as the unifying force throughout Luke's narrative (Verheyden 1999:41).
The church has not always taken such an interest in Luke-Acts. "In the opening words of his first Homily on the Acts of the Apostles, St. John Chrysostom complains that, 'This book and its author are so little known that many people are not even aware there is such a book in existence'" (Hardon 1954:303). This can hardly be said at the present time. At the beginning of two full pages of footnotes which lists some of the current books and doctoral dissertations about Luke and Acts J. Verheyden states "It has been said and repeated many times: the flood of publications on Lk and Acts is overwhelming" (1999:8).
While it is not the purpose of this paper to survey the field of scholarship in Luke-Acts the following focused themes will be dealt with. The first chapter deals with some of the challenges of linking Matthew with Luke and how the birth narratives show both common and contrasting elements. Chapter two explores the historical and theological unity of Luke-Acts