B. Derivative Instruments
Futures Contracts. A futures contract is an agreement between a buyer or seller and an established futures exchange or its clearinghouse in which the buyer or seller agrees to take or make a delivery of a specific amount of a financial instrument at a specified price on a specific date (settlement date). For the six months ended June 30, 2014, the Fund invested in futures to keep cash on hand to meet shareholder redemptions or other needs while maintaining exposure to the stock market.
Upon entering into a futures contract, the Fund is required to deposit with a financial intermediary cash or securities (“initial margin”) in an amount equal to a certain percentage of the face value indicated in the futures contract. Subsequent payments (“variation margin”) are made or received by the Fund dependent upon the daily fluctuations in the value and are recorded for financial reporting purposes as unrealized gains or losses by the Fund. Gains or losses are realized when the contract expires or is closed. Since all futures contracts are exchange traded, counterparty risk is minimized as the exchange's clearinghouse acts as the counterparty, and guarantees the futures against default. Upon a futures contract close out or expiration, realized gain or loss is recognized.
Certain risks may arise upon entering into futures contracts, including the risk that an illiquid market will limit the Fund's ability to close out a futures contract prior to the settlement date and the risk that the futures contract is not well correlated with the security, index or currency to which it relates. Risk of loss may exceed amounts disclosed in the Statement of Assets and Liabilities.
A summary of the open futures contracts as of June 30, 2014 is included in a table following the Fund's Investment Portfolio. For the six months ended June 30, 2014, the investment in futures contracts purchased had a total notional value generally indicative of a range from approximately $11,047,000 to $14,448,000.
The following tables summarize the value of the Fund's derivative instruments held as of June 30, 2014 and the related location in the accompanying Statement of Assets and Liabilities, presented by primary underlying risk exposure:
Asset Derivative Equity Contracts (a)
The above derivative is located in the following Statement of Assets and Liabilities account:
(a) Includes cumulative appreciation of futures contracts as disclosed in the Investment Portfolio. Unsettled variation margin is disclosed separately within the Statement of Assets and Liabilities.
Additionally, the amount of unrealized and realized gains and losses on derivative instruments recognized in Fund earnings during the six months ended June 30, 2014 and the related location in the accompanying Statement of Operations is summarized in the following tables by primary underlying risk exposure:
Realized Gain (Loss) Equity Contracts (a)
The above derivative is located in the following Statement of Operations account: (a) Net realized gain (loss) from futures
Change in Net Unrealized Appreciation (Depreciation) Equity Contracts (a)
The above derivative is located in the following Statement of Operations account: (a) Change in net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on futures
C. Purchases and Sales of Securities
During the six months ended June 30, 2014, purchases and sales of investment securities (excluding short‐term investments) aggregated $6,250,052 and $49,073,492, respectively.
D. Related Parties
Management Agreement. Under the Investment Management Agreement with Deutsche Investment Management Americas Inc. (“DIMA” or the “Advisor”), an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of Deutsche Bank AG, the Advisor determines the securities, instruments and other contracts relating to investments to be purchased, sold, or entered into by the Fund or delegates such responsibility to the Fund's sub‐advisor. Northern Trust Investments, Inc. (“NTI”) acts as investment sub‐advisor for the Fund and is paid by the Advisor for its services. As investment sub‐advisor to the Fund, NTI makes investment decisions and buys and sells securities for the Fund.
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