Other Benefits to DIMA and NTI and Their Affiliates. The Board also considered the character and amount of other incidental benefits received by DIMA and NTI and their affiliates, including any fees received by DIMA for administrative services provided to the Fund and any fees received by an affiliate of DIMA for distribution services. The Board also considered benefits to DIMA and NTI related to brokerage and soft‐dollar allocations, including allocating brokerage to pay for research generated by parties other than the executing broker dealers, which pertain primarily to funds investing in equity securities, along with the incidental public relations benefits to DIMA and NTI related to DWS Funds advertising and cross‐selling opportunities among DIMA products and services. The Board concluded that management fees were reasonable in light of these fallout benefits.
Compliance. The Board considered the significant attention and resources dedicated by DIMA to documenting and enhancing its compliance processes in recent years. The Board noted in particular (i) the experience and seniority of both DIMA's chief compliance officer and the Fund's chief compliance officer; (ii) the large number of DIMA compliance personnel; and (iii) the substantial commitment of resources by DIMA and its affiliates to compliance matters. The Board also considered the attention and resources dedicated by DIMA to the oversight of the investment sub‐advisor's compliance program and compliance with the applicable fund policies and procedures.
Based on all of the information considered and the conclusions reached, the Board unanimously determined that the continuation of the Agreements is in the best interests of the Fund. In making this determination, the Board did not give particular weight to any single factor identified above. The Board considered these factors over the course of numerous meetings, certain of which were in executive session with only the Independent Trustees and their independent counsel present. It is possible that individual Trustees may have weighed these factors differently in reaching their individual decisions to approve the continuation of the Agreements.
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