Buyers negotiate the final order with the selected
suppliers, and details the tech. specs., the quantity
the delivery time, return policies, warranties etc.
For maintenance and repair items , firms are moving
towards a blanket contract that establishes a long run
relation. Such contracts are called stockless
purchase plans as the stock is held by the supplier
Long run contracts are also agreed upon in case of
shortage raw materials / inputs so that there is a
steady flow of material. In many cases the supplier
locates his factory near the buyer for bringing down
inventory and transport costs.
Vendor managed inventory is when the responsibility
rests with the vendor for maintaining inventory
Important parameters to see are OT – deliver on time
IF – in full, NE – No error