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The reasons for this should be obvious. People who live or work in the community will have the greatest understanding of the reasons local children are not walking or riding bikes. They can work together to find innovative and creative ways to encourage walking and biking.

Including municipal officials on a SRTS task force is important because some problems

will be solved off­campus. Public works and planning officials might work to provide

sidewalks or bike paths. Law enforcement solutions

cracking down on speeding

motorists or on those who fail to stop in crosswalks participation.

­ need police support and

Parents and students are important because they will have the best understanding of any reluctance to walk or pedal.

Physical and health education professionals and school nurses can help incorporate safety education into the curriculum.

Planning

The SRTS task force will bring together all of the affected parties in a cooperative planning process. A comprehensive plan can lead to funding under the federal program. New Hampshire s share of the national appropriation is $1 million per year for each of the next five years.

Task forces will examine local conditions using a framework known as the 5Es:

  • Evaluation

  • Education

  • Encouragement

  • Enforcement

  • Engineering

Projects will be divided into two categories: non­infrastructure and infrastructure.

Between 10 and 30 percent of the federal money must be reserved for the non­ infrastructure projects. This can include the expense of designing a program, educating children about safe walking and riding practices, training crossing guards, and educating motorists about slowing down in school zones and stopping for pedestrians in crosswalks.

A minimum of 70 percent of the federal funds will reimburse local communities for the so­called infrastructure projects. These are physical changes to encourage walking and riding.

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