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9) Bood Components

10) Venipuncture

Reading Assignment:

Reading Assignment:

Chapter 1: 27 - 32 Chapter 6: 198 - 214 Chapter 7: 242 - 252, Chapter 11: 429 - 433 Appendix C: A12 - 22

Chapter 7: 237 - 241, & 248 - 252 Chapter 8: 256 - 323 (all) Chapter 9: 324 - 334, & 352 - 356

Objectives:

Objectives:

  • 1.

    List the major components of blood and describe the function of the three cells in blood.

  • 2.

    List the 5 types of white blood cells reported on a WBC differential.

  • 3.

    Differentiate between serum and plasma.

  • 4.

    Describe the categories of tube additives used in blood collection, list the various additives in each category, and describe how each additive works

  • 1.

    Describe how to prepare patients for testing, how to answer inquiries concerning tests, and what to do if a patient objects to a test.

  • 2.

    Describe the basal state and list the physiologic patient variables which influence test results.

  • 3.

    List methods used to locate veins that are not prominent.

  • 4.

    List the effects of tour- niquet, pumping fist, and heating on venipuncture.

5.List the most common laboratory tests and testing sections commonly associated with the different tube additives.

5.Describe proper needle insertion and withdrawal techniques including direction, angle, depth and aspiration for venipuncture.

  • 6.

    List the most common Hematology tests and the required specimen tube.

  • 7.

    List the tests / parameters which are reported on a Complete Blood Count.

  • 8.

    Define hemostasis and describe basic coagulation and fibrinolysis processes.

  • 9.

    List the most common Coagulation tests and the required specimen tube.

  • 6.

    List the correct order of steps for performing the venipuncture procedure with an evacuated tube system, the syringe system, and the butterfly system.

  • 7.

    List common causes for the failure to obtain blood.

8.Describe the principle behind, and list the order of draw for the evacuated tube system and the syringe system.

10.Describe the type of additional patient informa- tion needed for Coagula- tion tests.

9.Describe post puncture care of the patient.

Chapter 10: 360 - 398

Chapter 3: 70 - 101

(all)

Chapter 8: 271,

& 279 - 280

Objectives:

Objectives:

11) Skin Puncture

12) Infection Control

Reading Assignment:

Reading Assignment:

1. Describe the various features needed on skin puncture lancets and micro collection devices.

1.List the components of the chain of infection and the safety precautions that break the chain.

2. Discuss the purpose and methodology for puncture site warming.

2.Identify and discuss the modes of transmission for infectious diseases and the methods for prevention.

3. List the indications / advantages for performing Skin Punctures in pediatric and adult populations

3.Define and discuss the term "nosocomial infection."

  • 4.

    Identify laboratory tests that have a different reference values when collected by skin puncture.

  • 5.

    Identify tests that cannot be performed by skin puncture.

  • 6.

    List acceptable and un- acceptable sites for Skin Puncture on adult and pediatric patients.

  • 7.

    Describe the correct order of steps in the performance of a Skin Puncture.

  • 8.

    Describe the proper lancet insertion depth for Skin Punctures, and list possible complications if the punc- tures are done deeper than recommended.

  • 9.

    Describe the labeling of micro collection specimens.

  • 10.

    List the order of draw for skin puncture specimens.

  • 11.

    List the tests most commonly done on skin puncture specimens.

  • 4.

    Identify and properly label Biohazardous specimens.

  • 5.

    Discuss key points of the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard, including changes required by the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act.

  • 6.

    List the personal protective equipment required for phlebotomists and describe their function.

  • 7.

    List the procedural order for proper infection control techniques, such as hand- washing, gowning, gloving, masking, and double- bagging.

  • 8.

    List the situational uses for the OSHA Standard & Transmission Precautions.

  • 9.

    List other inpatient informational signage.

10.Differentiate between sterile and aseptic techniques.

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