The East traditionally has been considered the source of precious stones, particularly In- dia, from which flowed the main stream of jewelry in ancient times. It was even believed that precious stones could only form in the specific climate of the tropics. This myth, in time, was disproved.
Lodes of precious gems are found in practically every corner of the world. Precious stones are found in Europe (Czech Repub- lic, Hungary, Ukraine), South Afri- ca, Brazil, and the United States. Rich deposits of gems also ex- ist in Russia. In Yakutia (a region in northeast Russia), many dia- monds are mined, as well as oth- er stones.
Of course, where a stone is mined is not so important. More important is how a jeweler cuts and sets the stone, creating mas- terpieces, adornments, and, if precise, works of art.
Emerald is the most valu- able form of the mineral ber- yl, a semiprecious stone of marvelous coloration and un- doubted rarity. Long ago em- erald was known as smaragdus in Latin. Finding a flawless em- erald has become a myth of unat- tainable perfection, as they almost al- ways have defects. The treasuries of Ira- nian shahs and Russian tsars were renowned for their invaluable emeralds. These stones have been discovered in the tombs of Egyptian pharaohs and in archeological digs at Pompeii and Ercolano. Emeralds were the favorite semiprecious stone of the Egyptian queen Cleopatra.
International Life Magazine
Precious gems have allured and seduced man since ancient times. The shine of stones, the play of light in the depths of crystals attract and bewitch the beholder. Precious gems are prefect in their beaut , and therefore are both expensive and conveyors of status. For some, the former is more important, for others, the latter.
According to legend, emer- ald is considered an ideal amu- let and talisman against evil spir- its, as it stimulates the best quali- ties in a person. Emerald symboliz- es love and success, faithfulness and purity, faith, courage, and foresight- edness, and brings its wear glory and fame. Emerald has also been depicted as the talisman of Isis: as the protector stone of mothers-to-be, it was considered the best gift for women in labor. Care: Protect from accidental blows, heat, and pres- sure. Can not be set by ultrasound or steam. Emerald can withstand acid, but easily loses its color at temper- atures greater than 700 degrees Celsius.