Farley / HARMS OF PROSTITUTION
women in prostitution from violence. The NZ prostitution bill’s provision to allow health officers entry to brothels would not per- mit surveillance of violent acts occurring behind closed doors. The panic buttons in massage parlors, saunas, and brothels can never be answered quickly enough to prevent violence. Panic but- tons in brothels make as little sense as panic buttons in the homes of battered women. A bouncer in an Australian (legal) brothel said that when the women ring the buzzer, he breaks the door open, but there is really no way to prevent violence and, accord- ing to this bouncer, johns beat women with some regularity (Jeffreys, 2003). A woman who was in escort prostitution (where customers call phone numbers listed in the phone book or adver- tising section of newspapers, and a meeting place is agreed on) stated that her driver “functioned as a bodyguard. You’re sup- posed to call when you get in, to ascertain that everything was OK. But they are not standing outside the door while you’re in there, so anything could happen”(Raymond, Hughes, & Gomez, 2001, p. 74).
Specifications in the Australian Occupational and Safety Codes (OSC) for prostitution betray the danger in prostitution, which is not the same as that in any other job. The Australian OSC recom- mend self defense for women in prostitution and promote classes in hostage negotiation skills. The Australian OSC, while suggest- ing that a woman use her intuition to predict which johns will be violent, also distribute a list of violent johns to police, social work- ers, and prostituted women (Jeffreys, 2003).
VERBAL ABUSE RESULTS IN INCREASED HEALTH RISKS IN PROSTITUTION
In most sexual assaults outside of prostitution, women are characterized as prostitutes. In prostitution, women are called the same names that all women are called by violent men. For the sex predator, the names justify the violence, just as racist names jus- tify racist violence. Along with humiliation of the victim, verbal abuse also eroticizes the john’s violence (Baldwin, 1993).
The harm of toxic verbal assaults (primarily from johns) against those in prostitution is emotionally devastating, often outlasting the physical injuries. The verbal abuse in prostitution is socially invisible, just as other sexual harassment in prostitution is