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people. COYOTE proposed that to deny women the “right to prostitute” was to violate their civil rights (Jenness, 1993). For example, a 1993 Sex Workers Action Coalition (SWAC) flyer noted that the group opposed legislation against pimping because it violated the rights of prostitutes. SWAC further argued that even though johns could be seen to be “taking advantage of a prostitute’s economic vulnerability,” they opposed enforcement of antiprostitution laws against johns (SWAC, 1993). These strate- gies are best understood as attempts to remove all obstacles to conducting the business of prostitution. Laws against sex preda- tors—pimps and johns—are seen as barriers to business operations.

The names of organizations advocating legalized prostitution are another source of confusion. Sex industry apologists calculatedly appropriate the titles of human rights or public health organizations. Although their names are similar, the Global Alliance Against Trafficking in Women (GAATW) pro- motes prostitution as sex work, while the Coalition Against Traf- ficking in Women (CATW) works for the abolition of prostitution and other forms of discrimination against women. Other organi- zations that accept or promote prostitution as a reasonable job for poor women include Dutch Foundation for Women (STV); Coor- dination for Action Research on AIDS and Mobility (CARAM/ Cambodia); European Network for HIV/STD Prevention in Europe (EUROPAP); Transnational AIDS/STD Prevention among Migrant Prostitutes (TAMPEP; Netherlands, Italy, Ger- many, and Austria); CARE International; North American Task Force on Prostitution; Anti-Slavery International; Human Rights Watch; Amnesty International (USA); Amnesty for Women, Hamburg; Rights of Entertainers in Asia to Combat Human Oppression and Unjust Treatment, Hong Kong (REACH OUT); Bangladesh Women’s Health Coalition; Medecins sans Frontieres; From Our Streets with Dignity (FROST’D), New York; Coalition Against Slavery and Trafficking (CAST), Los Angeles; Prostitution Alternatives Counseling and Education (PACE), Vancouver, Canada; Nueva Era en Salud, Panama.5 United Nations organizations such as the WHO, UN/AIDS, and the International Labor Organization (ILO) have also supported legalization of prostitution and have generally regarded prostitu- tion as work (Lim, 1998; South African Press Association, 2001). In

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