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Stress tasks that allow time for information gathering, depth and reflection (e.g. projects versus exams)

Encourage collaborative projects

Choose tasks that require integration of information from a range of sources

Give full and proactive feedback on labs, assignments and tests

Textbooks can to be different for deep versus surface learning. Under deep learning, fewer topics are covered, but in much greater detail.  Surface learning tends to cover a large number of topics, but in limited detail.  Textbooks that take a deep learning approach tend to be much smaller than those that take a surface learning approach.  

What Does Learning Mean for the College of Micronesia – FSM?  

The college has had recent discussion with key FSM leaders and stakeholders to discuss what is needed by the college to assist with development of the FSM and to meet student’s needs.  Some key issues raised are that in addition to cognitive knowledge students need the ability to perform well in work situations including time on task, commitment to quality, and the ability to work with others.  

To assist with the discussion and what constitutes learning, he Institutional Assessment Working Group reviewed a number of different approaches to learning.  

Dimension 1: Positive attitudes and perceptions about learning

Dimension 2: Acquiring and integrating knowledge

Dimension 3: Extending and refining knowledge

Dimension 4: Using knowledge meaningfully

Dimension 5: Productive habits of mind.


* Workplace readiness and general skills

* Domain-specific knowledge and skills

* Soft skills, such as teamwork, communications and creativity

* Student engagement with learning

Delors’s 4 Pillars

1 Learning to know

2  Learning to do

3  Learning to live together

4  Learning to be

The IAP WG recommended that the college follow the ETS lead and define learning at the college to include the following.  To implement the dimensions of learning at the college will require major rethinking of what constitutes course and program outcomes as well as teaching strategies.  

College of Micronesia – FSM Dimensions of Learning3


3 Adapted from ETS “Culture of Evidence”

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