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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

New Evidence Disclaims Navy’s No Harm Assumptions

New fish sampling data, collected by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission as part of their 3 ! year progress report for the Post-sinking Monitoring Study of the sunken Ex-USS ORISKANY, reveals startling toxic PCB leaching from the sunken aircraft carrier. According to the data, the leaching is occurring at more than twice the Navy’s and EPA’s pre- sinking modeled expectations of 2006. In fact, leaching PCBs from the sunken vessel has been taken up by fish at the reef site at levels above the Florida Department of Health fish consumption advisory threshold. Total PCB concentrations in fish samples increased 1,446% on average from pre-sinking to post- sinking.

PCBs are stored in fatty tissue where they increase over time (bioaccumulation). As PCBs move up the food chain to marine mammals and humans as we digest contaminated fish, PCB concentrations are magnified (a process

known

as

biomagnification).

As

PCBs

bioaccumulate in organisms and biomagnify in the food chain, they create health risks to organisms of all kinds; due to PCB’s properties of persistence and toxicity, many scientists believe there is no safe level of exposure to PCBs.

The risks of consuming fish at the ORISKANY dumpsite are above acceptable levels, yet anglers and their families continue to consume

fish

from

this

site

without

warning.

Despite New Evidence – More Ocean Dumping

The revealing ORISKANY data and the release

USS ACADIA, Ex-USNS SATURN via the Navy’s

of

this

report

coincides

with

current,

SINKEX program. As

of 2011, the Navy

unfortunate government decisions to dump more ships at sea. The Navy and MARAD disposed of five vessels at sea in year 2010, including the Ex-USS ANCHORAGE, Ex-USS NEW ORLEANS, Ex-USS MONTICELLO, Ex-

announced plans to sink five additional vessels in future years, including the Ex-ARTHUR

RADFORD,

Ex-NIAGARA

FALLS,

Ex-

CONCORD,

Ex-KILAUEA

and

EX-

CORONADO.

Recommend Domestic Recycling as Preferred Disposal Method

Domestic ship recycling is the environmentally and economically preferred disposal option. It is the only method capable of hazardous waste management, and also provides for the recovery of valuable materials. Ocean disposal removes valuable scrap metal from circulation within the domestic marketplace and necessitates environmentally damaging primary metals mining, refining and manufacture. It also eliminates the creation of green domestic jobs. Recycling has the ability to create jobs many times over when material is reconstituted for use during each cycle of manufacturing.

Creating such jobs within the domestic recycling industry is consistent with the Federal green job initiatives of 2009 and 2010,

including the American Reinvestment Act (ARRA)

Recovery and , which allocated

$787 billion in Federal funds to spur economic activity and create green jobs in America.

This report provides the first comprehensive analysis that makes it fundamentally clear that the environmental, human health and economic costs of dumping these ships at sea are too high.

BASEL ACTION NETWORK

5

2011

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