If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders fields.”-McCrea, “In Flanders Fields”
Round Character – one who is complex and multi-faceted, like a real person.
Saga – Originally a medieval narrative, historical or legendary, or both, of an Icelandic hero or family, it is now used loosely in the sense of history, chronicle, or legend (Galsworthy’s The Forsyte Saga, W,N, Burns’s The Saga of Billy the Kid).
Satire – the ridiculing of human follies, weaknesses, abuses, or vices, whether of an individual or a group (Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels, Sinclair Lewis’s Main Street, Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World).
Scansion – indicating by symbols ( ) or voice stress the meter or poetry, foot by foot, including any irregularities; and identifying the correct meter and type of foot (for example, anapestic trimeter).
Science Fiction or Scientific Romance – a type of romantic story or novel whose chief source of interest is its scientific or quasi-scientific discoveries, inventions, experiments, etc. Regarded as having originated with Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein(1818), this kind of narrative was brought into considerable popularity by Jules Verne and H. G. Wells and continues to have a wide vogue today, especially in the inter-planetary space stories. The eccentric scientist has become a stock character (Jules Verne’s 20,000Leagues Under the Sea, H.G. Well’s The Time Machine, The Invisible Man.).
Semantics – the science of the meaning of words.
Sensibility – a term applied to the exaggeratedly tender emotional reactions of
characters in some of the English novels of the latter part of the eighteenth
century (Mackenzie’s Man of Feeling, Sterne’s Tristram Shandy) .
Sentimentality – exaggerated, artificial, or affected feeling, especial of a tender or
mawkish kind. Sentiment, on the other hand, is commonly used in good sense for an
honest and sincere feeling.
Sestet – any stanza of six lines, but usually the unit formed by the last six lines of a
Petrarchan or Italian sonnet. (See Lyric.)
Setting – the place, time, and the chief circumstances depicted in a piece of literature. By
the circumstances are meant the main conditions, such as a snowstorm, a war, an
epidemic, a voyage, etc. The setting of The Red Badge of Courage, for instance, is an
unidentified battle area during several days of the Civil War.
Simile - a figure of speech ordinarily using like or as , as expressing a comparison between two essentially unlike things.
“The red sun was pasted in the sky like a wafer.” Stephen Crane’s The Red Badge of Courage
A Homeric Simile is one rather lofty in feeling that begins with an as clause and concludes with a main thought introduced by so.
“As beats the rhythm of a mighty band, so beats my heart for you.”
Slang – popular, breezy, inelegant, unauthorized language, usually having a temporary vogue, or a popularity restricted to a general group or an occupation, for example, college slang, baseball slang, etc.
Social Consciousness – a piece of writing or an author either of which exhibits a sympathy toward the problems of the poorer classes is said to have social consciousness. For example, Dickens or his books may be said to have or show social consciousness.
Social Criticism - literature revealing any social, economic, or political problem contains social criticism. (Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath).