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Nepal

Education policies, curriculum design and implementation at the general secondary level

Estimated population (1995)

Public expenditure on education as a percentage of Gross National Product (1995)

21,500,000

2.9

A number of high-level government documents guide the development of curricula. They include the Secondary Education Perspective Plan (1996–2011), the Secondary Education Action Plan (1997–2002) and a recent High- Level Education Commission Report (1998).

Duration of compulsory education (years)

5

ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE AND MECHANISMS IN CURRICULUM REFORM

Primary or basic education

Pupils enrolled (1995) Teachers (1994) Pupil/teacher ratio 1

2,800,000 81,544 39 :1

The curriculum planned at the central level is modified by all the processes leading to its adoption. In the classroom at the secondary level most institutionalized activity is centrally controlled.

Gross enrolment ratio (1995)

  • Total

  • Male

  • Female

Net enrolment ratio (1995)

  • Total

  • Male

  • Female

Estimated percentage of repeaters (1992) Estimated percentage of drop-outs (1995) School-age population out of school (1995) 1

Secondary education

Students enrolled (1995)

110 129 89

63 80 46

27

48

1,000,000

91,000

Ministry of education

The task of initiating educational activities throughout Nepal lies with the Ministry of Education (MOE). The Ministry is responsible for educational planning and man- agement, as well as in improving service delivery systems across the country. MOE is composed of three divisions: Planning; General Administration; and Educational Ad- ministration. Educational programmes and services are prepared by: the Curriculum Development Centre; the Secondary Education Development Centre; the Distance Education Centre; the Office of the Controller of Exami- nations; the National Centre for Educational Develop- ment; the regional education directorates and district education offices. From July 1999 a new structure will be implemented with the formation of a Department of Sec- ondary, Education, containing a Primary and Basic Edu- cation Division and a Secondary and Higher Secondary Division. This will separate policy making from executive actions.

Gross enrolment ratio (1995)

  • Total

  • Male

  • Female

Third-level enrolment ratio (1995) Estimated adult literacy rate (1995)

  • Total

  • Male

  • Female

Notes: 1. Last year available.

Source: UNESCO statistical yearbook, 1998, Paris

37 49 25

5.2

28 41 14

The National Curriculum Council

A high-level National Curriculum Council (NCC), chaired by the Minister of Education, approves all curric- ula and guides the detailed developmental work of the Curriculum Development Centre (CDC) by setting opera- tional and administrative policy.

Technical Committees

The NCC forms ad-hoc technical committees when addi- tional advice is required. Matters concerning the rele- vance of curricula drafted by CDC may be referred to such

102

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