Case Study: BP Texas City Explosion 23 March 2005
as “the way we do things around here” (CCPS, 2007; Hopkins, 2005). An organization’s safety culture can be influenced by management changes, historical events, and economic pressures..
Management of Change (MOC) Hazard Analyses
At the heart of change management lies the change problem, that is, some future state to be realized, some current state to be left behind, and some structured, organized process for getting from the one to the other that thoughtfully assesses and manages the risk impact due to the changes. The change problem might be large or small in scope and scale, and it might focus on individuals or groups, on one or more divisions or departments, the entire organization, or one or on more aspects of the organization’s environment. In high hazard industries, making changes without properly assessing the risks creates a dangerous work environment.
High Reliability Organizations (HROs)
HROs are described as organizations from higher risk sectors such as nuclear power plants, air traffic control, or nuclear aircraft carriers that have developed characteristics such as preoccupation with failure, reluctance to simplify, and mindfulness to operations, which enables them to more successfully manage unexpected events and suffer fewer incidents (Weick & Sutcliffe, 2001).