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Factors and total scale correlation of the NSS with anxiety levels was moderated and significant, as hypothesized. Figure 1 shows those correlation.


Social and cultural determinants may explain the differences between Gray-Toft factor distribution and ours (Glazer, 1999), as well as the differences of functions and perception of work environment existing among the samples of nurses.

Our Factor IX, Computer breakdown, is isolated from other sources of stress which seem to be more proper of a nurse work. Nurses computer- using might be not as usual in our sample as in the former Gray-Toft’s study, and may be seen as an “others’ problem” in the population of nurses studied here.

These different social and cultural points of view seem to be founded in the fact that physicians are seen as a uncertainty maker, questioning own competence, together with other nurses, and with the perception of not knowing.

Supervisor paper seems more remarkable for this sample as it conforms one single factor related to having conflict with, or been criticized by them.

Another difference appears in the perception of death and suffer. Here both sources of stress are separated: one factor related with death, one factor related with patient pain and suffer.

We found that the tendency to leave the organization and organization commitment do not correlate with stress, but lack of commitment does. Stress correlation with role knowledge was not significant, although negative. Figure 2 shows the significant correlations found.

Besides considering social and cultural effects, we think more studies are necessary to confirm the transcultural factors of the NSS.

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