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Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor

A type of nuclear reactor where the nuclear fuel is in a liquid state, suspended in a molten fluoride-based salt, and uses a separate fluid stream for the conversion of thorium to fissionable fuel to maintain the nuclear reaction.

It is normally characterized by:

Operation at atmospheric pressure

High operating temperatures (>>600K)

Chemical extraction of protactinium-233 and reintroduction of its decay chain product, uranium-233

Thermal spectrum run marginally above breakeven

Closed-Cycle Brayton power conversion

“It is the melding of the nuclear power and nuclear processing industries; surprisingly, something that does not occur naturally.”

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