THE GER TZADDIK
The Gentiles which became fellow citizens with the saints of Israel are called Ger Tzaddik, the righteous proselytes, righteous stranger or sojourner. These righteous strangers would be indistinguishable from born Jews. Their passage from Gentile status to a member of the Chosen People was a total transformation, called by our rabbis from then until today, the new birth! There was to be no difference between the Ger Tzaddik and the native born Jew. The Ger Tzaddik was circumcised, immersed (mikva or baptized) and offered a sacrifice of two young pigeons, which enabled him to partake of the Passover lamb. The native born Israelite and the Ger Tzaddik now partake of God's salvation together by eating the Passover lamb. Thus we see that it is Yeshua, prefigured in the Passover lamb, who unites the Gentiles and the Jews together!
THE GER TOSHAV
Having now described the nucleus, or inner core of the atomic structure, we come to the next ring, outside the nucleus, but fully an integrated part of the whole. This ring is occupied by the Ger Toshav or "resident stranger." He is the non-Jew who elects to share Israel's fate and destiny by being physically together with Israel in all matters and ways: geographically, religiously, politically, economically, culturally etc. This resident stranger enjoys the same rights and obligations (e.g., militarily) as all native sons. The Ger Toshav is bound together with Israel - Jews - under the same laws (Torah) which govern their planting, buying, selling, building, etc. They also keep the Holy Days, New Moons and Shabbat, which are a shadow of things to come (Colossians 2:16). The Ger Toshav remains,