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WT/TPR/S/208Trade Policy Review Page 92

Table IV.2

Self-sufficiency in basic food productsa, 1991, 1995, and 2001-05

(Per cent)

Product

1991

1995

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

In digestible calories

Cereals for bread

126

134

102

82

78

92

87

Cereals for fodder

62

75

69

67

49

75

72

Total cereals

65

68

64

59

46

63

63

Edible potatoes

107

99

93

94

87

95

91

Sugar

44

42

47

61

44

50

50

Fat and vegetable oils

24

20

20

20

19

22

22

Fruits

60

71

71

76

64

73

59

Vegetables

53

55

53

56

51

55

51

Milk for consumption

97

97

97

97

98

99

98

Butter

91

93

88

98

97

97

93

Cheese

137

129

122

113

113

114

117

Milk and dairy products

110

110

107

107

109

108

108

Veal

99

97

98

98

98

98

97

Beef

94

92

96

89

91

88

86

Pig-meat

99

98

96

95

93

93

94

Sheep

44

46

39

41

42

45

44

Poultry

46

51

40

43

45

48

49

Total meat

80

79

71

70

70

69

70

Eggs and products thereof

44

45

47

42

47

46

44

In digestible energy

Vegetable products

42

42

40

45

39

45

43

Animal products, gross

97

96

94

94

95

94

94

Total products, gross

62

61

58

61

56

60

59

Total products, net

58

57

53

56

51

55

54

In value

Total of food products

72

71

62

63

62

64

63

aSelf-sufficiency is defined as the ratio of domestic production to the sum of production plus imports less exports.

Source:Federal Office for Agriculture (various issues), Rapport agricole.  Viewed at:  http://www.blw.admin.ch/dokumentation/00018/00103/index.html?lang=fr.

4.

Switzerland and Liechtenstein are net importers of agricultural and food products.  In 2007, the customs union imported agricultural goods (ISIC, Revision 2, Major Division 1) worth US$3,050 million, while exports were US$330 million.  Using the WTO definition of agricultural goods, imports amounted to US$9,200 million, and exports to US$5,993 million. While imports cover the whole range of agricultural products, exports comprise mainly processed agricultural goods, mostly dairy products and canned fruit and vegetables.

(ii) Policy objectives and instruments

1.

Switzerland formulates agricultural policy for the customs union, although Liechtenstein has a separate support system for its agriculture sector.  The Federal Law on agriculture of 1998 is the main legal policy instrument for the sector.  Compared with the limited value-added generated by the sector, public expenditure in agriculture is considerable, amounting to 6.5% of the federal budget in 2007.

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