WT/TPR/S/208Trade Policy Review Page 96
Past imports; prise en charge
Potatoes and products
Prise en charge; auction
Past importsc; prise en charge; pro ratad
Apples, pears, quinces, fresh
Prise en charge
Apricots, cherries, etc. fresh
Past imports; prise en charge; pro rata
Other fruit, fresh
Fruit for cider production
Grapes for pressing and grape juice
Permis général d'importation (PGI)
White and red wine
Licensed wine traders
Durum wheat, undenatured
Importers licensed by Reserve Suisse
Bread cereals and other cereals for human consumption
aExcept for horses other than for breeding (auction).
bPrise en charge: quota shares contingent upon purchases of local goods.
cPast imports: quota shares allocated as a function of commercial activity, purchases or imports during the preceding year.
dPro rata: quota allocation depends on the quantities requested by individual importers.
Source:WTO documents G/AG/N/CHE/13/Add.9, 8 January 2008 and G/AG/N/CHE/13/Add.10, 27 May 2008, and information provided by the Swiss authorities.
The Price Compensation Scheme is aimed at compensating for high domestic prices (of locally produced raw materials used as inputs by domestic agri-industries) resulting from, inter alia, agricultural policy measures.7 It consists of tariff protection for locally processed agricultural products, and "export refunds". The refunds are granted to the extent of the price differences of the raw materials used in the production of processed agricultural goods for exports. For mainly imported raw materials, the refunds correspond to the border charges paid. For locally produced raw materials (used as inputs in the production of export goods), the refunds correspond to the excess over world prices of identical products (i.e. the c.i.f. value of the latter at the border of the customs union).
Under the scheme, MFN import tariffs on the processed products consist of an industrial element and an agricultural element. The agricultural element is designed to offset the difference between domestic and world prices. It is determined on the basis of a standard recipe for each group of products within a tariff heading, and adjusted periodically to price differences. The industrial element is fixed by the Swiss Federal Council for the customs territory. If the sum of the agricultural and industrial element is higher than the tariff bound at the WTO, the latter applies. Only the agricultural element is levied on imports from countries eligible for preferential tariff treatment under bilateral trade agreements covering processed agricultural products. The products eligible for this type of tariff protection are: yoghurt containing fruit or cocoa (HS Chapter 4); frozen sweet corn (HS Chapter 7); sugar confectionery (HS Chapter 17); chocolate and other food preparations containing cocoa (HS Chapter 18); pastry cooks' products and preparations of cereals, flour, starch, or milk (HS Chapter 19); and other food preparations (HS Chapter 21). The raw materials are those used as inputs in the production of these goods, excluding: raw materials that cannot be produced in
7 RS 632.111.722.