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IV. trade policies by sector - page 9 / 50

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WT/TPR/S/208Trade Policy Review Page 98

1986/88

2002/04

2005/07

Total value of production (at farm gate)

9,482

7,152

6,773

7,284

7,019

6,541

6,759

Total value of consumption (at farm gate)

11,661

8,629

8,336

8,860

8,593

8,154

8,261

Producer Support Estimate (PSE)

8,474

7,339

6,032

7,137

6,966

6,115

5,016

Support based on commodity output

7,057

4,433

3,061

4,208

4,022

3,175

1,986

Market Price Support (MPS)

7,015

4,085

2,740

3,876

3,691

2,834

1,696

Payments based on output

42

348

321

332

330

342

290

Payments based on input use

561

332

233

224

223

224

251

Variable input use

454

..

109

109

105

106

115

Payments based on current area planted, animal numbers, receipts or income, production required

612

..

1,034

983

992

998

1,111

Payments based on non-current area planted, animal numbers, receipts or income, production required

28

..

91

91

92

91

91

Payments based on non-current area planted, animal numbers, receipts or income, production not required

0

..

1,302

1,318

1,320

1,320

1,267

Percentage PSE

77

71

60

68

68

62

50

General Services Support Estimate (GSSE)

688

518

488

504

490

496

478

GSSE as a share of TSE (%)

6.7

6.5

7.5

6.4

6.5

7.4

8.6

Consumer Support Estimate (CSE)

-7,759

-4,877

-3,605

-4,748

-4,619

-3,783

-2,412

Total Support Estimate (TSE)

10,251

8,019

6,635

7,825

7,603

6,717

5,584

Percentage TSE (share of GDP)

3.86

1.84

1.4

1.7

1.6

1.4

1.1

..Not available.

aProvisional.

Note:MPS commodities for Switzerland are:  wheat, maize, other grains, oilseeds, sugar, milk, beef and veal, sheep meat, pig meat, poultry, and eggs.  Market price support is net of producer levies and excess feed costs.

Source: OECD (2005), Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries:  Monitoring and Evaluation 2005, p. 69;  OECD (2007), Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries:  Monitoring and Evaluation 2007, p. 215;  and OECD (2008), Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries: At a Glance 2008. Viewed at http://www.oecd.org/document/ 59/0,3343,en_2649_33797_39551355_1_1_1_1,00.html.

15.

Switzerland has notified its quantity of food aid to least developed and net-food-importing developing countries between 2003 and 2005.11  Food aid was provided solely in response to humanitarian needs, and on full-grant terms.  In 2006/07, 71,051 tonnes of food aid was provided.

16.

Liechtenstein maintains its own direct payments system   Direct payments to its farmers increased from Sw F 10.5 million in 2002 to Sw F 12.3 million in 2007 (Table IV.8).  Eligibility criteria include ecological and animal-health standards, and the number of hectares cultivated.  The authorities indicate that a law on agriculture is under preparation and expected to enter into force in 2009.  The law is aimed at increasing the competitiveness of Liechtenstein's agriculture sector and maintaining market conditions similar to those in Switzerland.  It is also planned to put more emphasis on marketing and image-building with a view to better promoting agricultural goods made in Liechtenstein.  During the review period, reform efforts have concentrated on improving conditions for milk production (section (iii)(a) below).  Furthermore, a law on support of investment in agriculture (in force since 1 January 2001) provides young farmers with interest-free start-up loans of up to Sw F 150,000 for constructions that are "reasonable in price and flexible in use".  

Table IV.8

Liechtenstein outlays for direct payments, 2002-07

(Sw F '000)

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Complementary direct payments

4,541

4,726

5,170

5,256

5,379

5,789

Payments for farming in difficult production locations  

934

951

952

934

947

952

11 WTO documents G/AG/N/CHE/39, 30 November 2007, and G/AG/N/CHE/39/Corr.1, 12 December 2007.

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