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Pakistan Environment Protection Agency - page 11 / 20





11 / 20

    • within 25 kms of an ecologically or otherwise sensitive areas (including religious and historic places and archaeological monuments, scenic, beach resorts, coastal areas and estuaries which are important breeding grounds, national parks and sanctuaries, natural lakes and swamps and tribal settlements),

    • within 0.5 km of the high tide line in coastal areas,

    • within 0.5 km of natural or modified flood plain boundary,

    • within 25 kms of the projected growth boundary of major settlements (population of 3 million or larger)

      • 3.3

        Local site scale issues and project design issues

      • 3.3.1


When it is decided to progress to the detailed design phase of a project, one or more of the problems identified in the site selection process above may be present. All the impacts identified at site selection stage must now be taken into consideration in the detailed design process. Detailed site investigation studies should be undertaken to look at the particular local conditions which can include one or more of the factors identified in 3.2 above plus other factors which are more local site design issues.

Many of the impacts for the design and operations phase of industrial estates are those common to:

  • individual manufacturing industries, and,

  • sewerage treatment schemes.

Sector guidelines produced as part of this package have already gone into detail with regard to impact identification and mitigation in these two areas and the reader is referred to the two guidelines:

  • Guidelines for Environmental Reports, Major chemical and manufacturing


  • Guidelines for Environmental Reports, Major sewerage schemes.

The following areas of concern should be considered for possible impacts and mitigation measures should be addressed where impacts are identified:

  • Hazardous materials - if there are such materials on the estate, measures should be in place for adequate treatment, storage and disposal facilities. Disposal should be in accordance with EPA Regulations.

  • Liquid waste emissions - mitigation should be discussed in terms of waste water minimisation, surface water measures, ground water measures and flood mitigation measures. The sensitivity of the receiving water must be assessed along with the types of emissions and quality and quantity of the emissions.

    • Gaseous waste emissions

    • Noise

    • Transport and traffic

    • Aesthetics

    • Flora and fauna

      • 3.3.2

        Integrated waste treatment and disposal facilities

Industrial Estates


October 1997

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